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60 terms

dhs3000-1

STUDY
PLAY
Human service research sometimes yeilds mistaken results, and we are wise to accept research findings with caution even if they come from experts (true/false)?
true
four purposes of research are exploration,description,explanation,application (true/false)?
true
things we know from direct experience are a direct result of which type of reality?
experiential reality
three major aspects of the overall scientific enterprise are ___, ___,___?
theory, data collection, data analysis
the keystone of inquiry is ___?
observation
criminal justice research is organized around two basic activities: measurment ,___?
interpretation
what are the four purposes of research? ___,___,___,___
exploration, description, explanation,application
you observe police activity in BG for one week, and then you describe what you observed. what type of study have you performed? ___
descriptive
determining whether a program designed to reduce burglary actually had the intended effect is an example of ___?
evaluation
determining whether a program designed to reduce consumption of alcholic beverages actually had the intended effect is an example of ___?
evaluation
scientist must have which two types of suppot before they will agree on the reality of something? ___,___
logical and empirical
whereas people often observe innaccurately, science avoids such errors by making ___ a careful and deliberate activity?
observation
a ___ is the most appropriate method for studying both general concern and fear for personal safety?
survey
the final stage of the research process is ___?
application
even if an intervention has been supported by exceptionally strong research evidence,practioners need to evaluate whether that intervention has been the best choice for their particular client? (true/false)
true
social workers commonly work in settings where superiors dont understand or appreciate evidence-based practice and do not give practioners enough time or other resources to carry out the evidence-based practice process (ture/false)?
false
the evidence based practice model encourages practioners to integrate scientific evidence with their practice expertise (true/false)?
true
which of the follow statements is true about evidence based practice?
real world obstacles often prevent implementing it throughly in everyday social work practice
evidence based practioners will____?
use research methods to evaluate whether the evidence -based actions they take are resulting in the outcoms they seek to achieve
the evidence based crime prevention model encourages the integration of scientific evidence into criminal justice programs? (true/false)
true
if an intervetion has been supported by the best evidence, then it is safe to assume that it will always be effective when implemented in other settings? (true/false)
false
according to a report to the u.s congress, the effectiveness of most crime prevention strategies will remain unknown until the nation invests more in evaluating them (true/false)?
true
the human subjects review board at BGSU is the universitys institutional review board (true/false)?
true
in all cases, participation as a subject in research is voluntary (true/false)?
false
deception of research subjects is never appropriate (true/false)?
false
criminal justice research has the potential for all but which of the following ___?
harm to the reader of the research
which of the following is a technique that works well when interviewing subjects about topics that may be emotionally or psycholocially challenging?
ask the subject to respond to questions on a laptop or tablet computer
the researcher can lessen the potential for harm when doing research by_____?
considering which study design to use with regard to its potential for harm
the value of institutional review boards includes which of the following?
all of the above
haney,banks,zimbardo designed a simulated prison to measure ____?
the situational hypothesis
ethical issues surrounding the stanford prison experiment include all of the following except___?
consent forms were signed
which of the following comes closest to the purpose of institutional review boards?____
to give guidance on reducing potential harm to subjects
individuals must be allowed to make their own decisions about participation in research (true/false)?
true
as a rule, possible harm to subjects may be justified when the potential benefits of the research study outweigh the possible harm (true/false)
true
when assessing the potential for harm, the researcher should...___?
proceed only when the benefit outweighs the harm
according to federal regulations, which of the following is a special population in social science research studies?
juvenile delinquents
in order to protect juvenile delinquents since they are a special population researchers should do all of the following except____?
offer the juvenile delinquents money to participate in the research
if a researcher uses only those subjects who volunteer for a study , then which of the following may result?
the result could not be generalized to a larger group of people
a researcher observes and then describes what was observed
descriptive research
evaluate effects of specific programs, comparing the goals of a program with the results.
applied research-evaluation
focus on the future, anticipate future consequences of alternative actions
applied research-policy analysis
production of knowledge based on experience or observation
empirical research
criminal justice research that is conducted to explore a specific problem, focus on developing a preliminary understanding about a new/unusual problem
exploratory research
explain things
explanatory research
how social scientific methods can be used to better understand crime and criminal justice policy
methodology
refers to the concrete steps or operations used to measure a specific concept
operationalization
repeating a study, checking to see whehter similar results are obtained each time
replication
method of inquiry, a way of learning and knowing things about the world around us
science
things we know from direct experiences
experiential reality
things we consider real because we've been told they're real; and everyone seems to agree they're real
agreement reality
recognize issues as a problem that society must deal with, but dont feel that the issue affects them directly
general concern about violent crimes
threat of violent crime does affect them directly, and they express some fear about the possibility of being a victim
fear for personal safety
researcher cannot associate a given piece of info with the person
anonymity
researcher is able to link info with a given person identity but promises not to
confidentiality
conforming to the standards of conduct of a given profession or group
ethical
informing subjects about research procedures and then obtaiing their consent to participate
informed consent
ethical principles for protecting human subjects; respect for persons, beneficience, justice
belmont report
mental process whereby fuzzy and imprecise notions (concepts) are made more specific and precise
conceptualization
prisons are brutal and dehumanizzing bc of the types of people who run them and are incarcerated in them
(SPE) dispositional hypothesis
prison enviornment itself creates brutal, dehumanizing conditons independent of the kinds of people who live and work in institutions
(SPE) situational hypothesis