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Human service research sometimes yeilds mistaken results, and we are wise to accept research findings with caution even if they come from experts (true/false)?


four purposes of research are exploration,description,explanation,application (true/false)?


things we know from direct experience are a direct result of which type of reality?

experiential reality

three major aspects of the overall scientific enterprise are ___, ___,___?

theory, data collection, data analysis

the keystone of inquiry is ___?


criminal justice research is organized around two basic activities: measurment ,___?


what are the four purposes of research? ___,___,___,___

exploration, description, explanation,application

you observe police activity in BG for one week, and then you describe what you observed. what type of study have you performed? ___


determining whether a program designed to reduce burglary actually had the intended effect is an example of ___?


determining whether a program designed to reduce consumption of alcholic beverages actually had the intended effect is an example of ___?


scientist must have which two types of suppot before they will agree on the reality of something? ___,___

logical and empirical

whereas people often observe innaccurately, science avoids such errors by making ___ a careful and deliberate activity?


a ___ is the most appropriate method for studying both general concern and fear for personal safety?


the final stage of the research process is ___?


even if an intervention has been supported by exceptionally strong research evidence,practioners need to evaluate whether that intervention has been the best choice for their particular client? (true/false)


social workers commonly work in settings where superiors dont understand or appreciate evidence-based practice and do not give practioners enough time or other resources to carry out the evidence-based practice process (ture/false)?


the evidence based practice model encourages practioners to integrate scientific evidence with their practice expertise (true/false)?


which of the follow statements is true about evidence based practice?

real world obstacles often prevent implementing it throughly in everyday social work practice

evidence based practioners will____?

use research methods to evaluate whether the evidence -based actions they take are resulting in the outcoms they seek to achieve

the evidence based crime prevention model encourages the integration of scientific evidence into criminal justice programs? (true/false)


if an intervetion has been supported by the best evidence, then it is safe to assume that it will always be effective when implemented in other settings? (true/false)


according to a report to the u.s congress, the effectiveness of most crime prevention strategies will remain unknown until the nation invests more in evaluating them (true/false)?


the human subjects review board at BGSU is the universitys institutional review board (true/false)?


in all cases, participation as a subject in research is voluntary (true/false)?


deception of research subjects is never appropriate (true/false)?


criminal justice research has the potential for all but which of the following ___?

harm to the reader of the research

which of the following is a technique that works well when interviewing subjects about topics that may be emotionally or psycholocially challenging?

ask the subject to respond to questions on a laptop or tablet computer

the researcher can lessen the potential for harm when doing research by_____?

considering which study design to use with regard to its potential for harm

the value of institutional review boards includes which of the following?

all of the above

haney,banks,zimbardo designed a simulated prison to measure ____?

the situational hypothesis

ethical issues surrounding the stanford prison experiment include all of the following except___?

consent forms were signed

which of the following comes closest to the purpose of institutional review boards?____

to give guidance on reducing potential harm to subjects

individuals must be allowed to make their own decisions about participation in research (true/false)?


as a rule, possible harm to subjects may be justified when the potential benefits of the research study outweigh the possible harm (true/false)


when assessing the potential for harm, the researcher should...___?

proceed only when the benefit outweighs the harm

according to federal regulations, which of the following is a special population in social science research studies?

juvenile delinquents

in order to protect juvenile delinquents since they are a special population researchers should do all of the following except____?

offer the juvenile delinquents money to participate in the research

if a researcher uses only those subjects who volunteer for a study , then which of the following may result?

the result could not be generalized to a larger group of people

a researcher observes and then describes what was observed

descriptive research

evaluate effects of specific programs, comparing the goals of a program with the results.

applied research-evaluation

focus on the future, anticipate future consequences of alternative actions

applied research-policy analysis

production of knowledge based on experience or observation

empirical research

criminal justice research that is conducted to explore a specific problem, focus on developing a preliminary understanding about a new/unusual problem

exploratory research

explain things

explanatory research

how social scientific methods can be used to better understand crime and criminal justice policy


refers to the concrete steps or operations used to measure a specific concept


repeating a study, checking to see whehter similar results are obtained each time


method of inquiry, a way of learning and knowing things about the world around us


things we know from direct experiences

experiential reality

things we consider real because we've been told they're real; and everyone seems to agree they're real

agreement reality

recognize issues as a problem that society must deal with, but dont feel that the issue affects them directly

general concern about violent crimes

threat of violent crime does affect them directly, and they express some fear about the possibility of being a victim

fear for personal safety

researcher cannot associate a given piece of info with the person


researcher is able to link info with a given person identity but promises not to


conforming to the standards of conduct of a given profession or group


informing subjects about research procedures and then obtaiing their consent to participate

informed consent

ethical principles for protecting human subjects; respect for persons, beneficience, justice

belmont report

mental process whereby fuzzy and imprecise notions (concepts) are made more specific and precise


prisons are brutal and dehumanizzing bc of the types of people who run them and are incarcerated in them

(SPE) dispositional hypothesis

prison enviornment itself creates brutal, dehumanizing conditons independent of the kinds of people who live and work in institutions

(SPE) situational hypothesis

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