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a form of government in which the leader is not a monarch and certain citizens have the right to vote
one of Rome's wealthy landowners who became Rome's ruling class; one of two groups of citizens
a number of the second and larger group of Roman citizens who were less wealthy landowners, merchants, and craftspeople
an instrument used by sailors to determine their position by observing the stars and planets
deposed by the Germanic head of the army, marking the fall of the Western Roman Empire
a group of people in the Roman Republic who chose the consuls and praetors, and passed laws
with a population of two hundred thousand, it was Europe's second largest city after Constantinople
group of Jewish leaders who thought that closely following religious law would protect Jews from Roman influences
Roman poet who said the only things that concerned the Roman masses were "Bread and Circuses"
led a revolt in the early Umayyad period that split Islam into two groups: the Shiites and the Sunnis
Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps with 46,000 men, lots of horses, and 37 elephants and conquered some parts of Italy, but not Rome
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