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33 terms

Twelve principles of aseptic technique

aseptic technique exam for surgical tech's
STUDY
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Draped tables are sterile only at...
table height
sterile persons keep within...
sterile areas
a sterile field is created...
as close as possible to the time of use.
sterile areas are continuously...
kept in view
gowns are considered sterile from
axillary line to waist in front including the sleeves to 2 " above the elbows.
microorganisms must be...
kept to an irreducible minimum
destruction of the integrity of a...
sterile field results in contamination
as a sterile package is opened...
the EDGE of the wrapper are considered UNSTERILE
UNSTERILE persons...
aboid sterile areas
Persons that are sterile touch only...
STERILE items or areas; persons who are NOT STERILE touch only UNSTERILE items or areas.
STERILE means...
free of all living microorganisms and spores
An unsterile person should maintain a distance of?
12 inches from the sterile field to minimize accidental contamination.
Micro organisms capable of producing disease are?
pathogens
The surgical hand scrub...
chemically and mechanically reduces to a safe level the number of microorganisms present on the hands and arms
Surgical conscience
an individual's inner awareness of aseptic principals and adherence to aseptic technique in all situations; professional honesty.
If a wrapper falls to the floor...
inspect the wrapper to determine its integrity and if intact; use it.
asepsis
absence of pathogens
modes of contamination
ways by which infecting organisms are transmitted to sterile objects
surgical scrub
process of reducing the number of microorganisms from the hands and arms to a safe level before participating in an operative procedure.
sterile
free of all microorganisms
transient flora
organisms present on the epidermis which have been picked up through contact with other objects
infection
invasion of the body by disease producing microorganisms and the reaction of the tissues of their presence and their toxins
non sterile
presence of microorganisms
strike through contamination
transmission of microorganisms to a sterile field by moisture that has penetrated the sterile barrier
Normal flora
bacterial population peculiar to a particular body location; made up of transient and resident flora
dermis
deep layer of skin, containing sebaceous and sweat glands, blood vessels, nerves, and hair roots.
contamination
to introduce microorganisms to a sterile field
sterile field
area around operative site including furniture covered with sterile drapes and members of the surgical team properly attired
epidermis
outer layer of skin which varies in thickness
resident flora
bacteria which are normally present below the skin
pathogen
microorganisms capable of producing disease
subungal area
area under the fingernail
aseptic technique
procedures which render and maintain an object or area completely free of pathogens; surgical asepsis