A change in the relationship between the people and their government. People should have freedom to choose their leadership
An English philosopher who had the idea of a "social contract" & also said people have natural rights to life, liberty, and property.
the idea that all humans are born with rights, which include the right to life, liberty, and property
an agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed
Declaration of Independence
This document was
adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain.
A political system in which a country is ruled by a monarch, who has complete control.
voters elect representatives to a lawmaking body called Parliament. These representatives then choose a prime minister.
the giant corporations that controlled entire industries, who made big profits by reduing the costs of produced goods
political party that believed in change and social improvement, end child labor and end to trusts and monopolies
establishment of an empire through one country taking control of the government or economy of another
Brown v. Board of Education
landmark Supreme Court decision that ordered racially segregated public schools to be integrated overturning separate but equal.
Civil Rights Movement
Movement by African Americans led by MLK Jr. against segregation, discrimination, and inequality
The conflict between the US and Soviet Union post WWII. The two powers never had open warfare.
a system based on eliminating private property to end class struggles and create ideal society. In practice, government has controlled of all aspects of life
Cuban Missile Crisis
US-Soviet confrontation over missiles in Cuba brought the war to brink of nuclear war
The particular point of view a person or group has based on their entire background
a series of droughts that affected the American Midwest in the 1930s drying up crops and turning soil into dust
Federal Reserve System
a system established in which a government agency oversees the nation's money supply. Federal Reserve Banks lend money to other banks and also decide on bank reserve requirements
A revolution in France against royal authority and noble privilege. King killed, nobility abolished
A major economic crisis that began in the US in 1929 and affected most of the world. Marked by widespread business failure bank closure, and unemployment
wave of African American migrants from the South to the North seeking better jobs/lives. (post civil war)
genocide of Jewish people in Europe by the Nazis during WWII. Jews were sent to concentration/death camps. Millions died.
Jim Crow laws
a system of laws in southern states that segregated African Americans and forced them to use separate, inferior facilities
war in 1950-1953, between North and South Korea in which South Korea was supported by U.N. Troops mainly from US
League of Nations
international organization with a main goal to prevent future worldwide conflicts. Had no army, relied on members militaries.
system in which economic questions are answered by the free interaction of consumers and producers. Capital is invested on the risk of wealth. Consumers are free to buy or not buy. Supply/Demand set prices.
African American organization formed to fight for civil rights. lawyers brought Brown v. Board to Supreme Court
an agreement among the US, Canada, Mexico. This makes it much easier to trade with one another by lowering duties
a military alliance between the US, Canada, and Western Europe nations to defend against communism
German political movement by Hitler, based on the principles of dictatorship, violence, and aggression
Programs introduced by FDR to fight Great Depression. social and economic programs to lower unemployment and help economy
The fear of communism in American in 1920s leading to the arrest and deportation of radicals and foreigners
Stock Market Crash of 1929
thousands of investors panicked and tried to sell their stocks at any price, causing stock prices to collapse. It threw the world economy into the Great Depression
economic system in which chief economic decisions are answered by tradition and customs
Cold War policy in which US pledged to give assistance to the governments of Greece and Turkey and to all nations resisting communism
international peacekeeping organization formed post WWII to promote international harmony, peace and economic development
war fought during the 1960s-70s by American and South Vietnamese against communist North Vietnam
World War I
first global war. Machine gun, gas, trenches, submarines, airplanes. Central Power vs. Allied Power.
National Organization of Women
Women's rights organization founded in 1966 to fight discrimination against women; to improve educational, employment, and political opportunities for women; and to fight for equal pay for equal work
American Indian Movement - Minneapolis, 1968 - Intent: Native American Pride and Self-Defense; Tribes from all over country come to this visit; demanded greater rights for Native Americans, used violence to make its point.
World War II
a war that began in Europe in 1939 between the Allied Powers (France, Great Britain, and eventually the United States) and the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, Japan, and the Soviet Union); the war ended in 1945
de facto segregation
segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law
United Farm Workers
organization of migrant workers formed to win better wages and working conditions led by Cesar Chavez
term for an invisible political line that divided Europe between Communists and Non-Communists
organized fight against discrimination faced by Latinos in education, employment and the legal system.
Israel Palestine conflict
Fight between Jews and Muslims over homeland. Jews=Israelites Muslims=Palestinians
the right of government to take private property for public use (with just compensation)
Standard of Living
the quality of life based on the possession of the necessities and luxuries that make life easier
blocked east germany from American supplies. Americans bypassed by air-lifting goods to the germans
Civil Rights Act 1964
Law that made discrimination illegal in a number of areas, including voting, schools, and jobs