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80 terms

Norton Vocab A91 to A101

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Connotation
different associations of a particular word
Denotation
a word has a basic, prosaic (factual) meaning prior to the associations it connotes
Lexical Set
Words that Habitually recur together
Register
a words stylistic level which can be distinguished by degree of technicality but also by degree of formality
Alliteration
The repetition of an initial consonant sound or consonant cluster in consecutive or closely positioned words
anaphora
the repetition of words or groups of words at the beginning of consecutive sentences clauses or phrases
Assonance
the repetition of identical or near identical stressed vowel sounds in words whose final consonants differ, producing half rhyme
Chiasmus
the inversion of already established sequence
Consonance
the repetition of final consonants words or stressed syllables whose voewl sounds are different
homophone
a word that sounds identical to another word but has a different meaning
onomatopoeia
verbal sounds that imitate and evoke the sounds they denotate
Rhyme
the repetition of identical vowel sounds in stressed syllables whose intial consonants differer
allegory
saying one thing and meaning another
antithesis
juxtaposition of opposeds terms in clauses or sentences that are next to or near each other
bathos
a sudden and sometimes ridiculous descent of tone
emblem
a picture allegorically expressing a moral or a verbal picture open to such interpretation
Euphemism
the figure by whcih something distatsteful is described in alternative, less repugnant terms
hyperbole
overstatement exaggeration
irony
a subset of allegory; wheras allegory says one thing and means another, irony says one thing and means its opposite
litote
understatement by denying the contrary
metaphor
the identification or implicit identification of one thing with another with which it is not literally identifiable
metonymy
using a word to denote another concept or other concepts by virtue of habitual associatioN
occupatio
denying that one will discuss a subject while actually discussing it; also known as praeteritio
oxymoron
conjunction of normally incompatible terms
paradox
an apparent contradiction that requires thought to reveal an inner consistency
periphrasis
circumlocution; the use of many words to express what could be expressed in few
personification or prosoponpoeia
the attribution of human qualities to nonhuman forces or objects
pun
a sometimes irresolvable doubleness of meaning in a single word or expression
sarcasm
a wounding remark, often expressed ironically
simile
cmoparision, usually using the wrold "like or "as
symbol
something that stands for something else, and yet seems necessarily to evoke that other thing
synecdoche
using a part to express the whole
type
impression, figure, mold
zeugma
a syntacticpu8n whereby the one word is revealed to have more than one sense in the sentence as a whole
accent
the special force devoted to the voicing of one syllable in a word over others
alexandrine
in french verse a line of twelve syllables, and, by analogy, in english verse a line of six stresses
anapest
a three syllable foot following the rhythmic patter in english verse of two unstressed followed by one stressed
Caesura
a pause or breathing space within a line of verse, generally occuring between syntactic units
Dactyle
a three syllable foot fof one unstressed followed two unstressed
dimeter
a two stress line rarely used as the meter of the whole
end stopping
the placement of a cmoplete syntactic unit within a complete metrical pattern
enjambment
the opposite of end stopping, the enjambment occurs when the syntactic unit does not end with the metrical pattern
hexameter
six stress line is the meter of classical latin epic
hypermetrical
describes a breaking of the expected metrical patter by at least one extra syllable
iamb
the basic foot of englicsh verse, two syllables, unstressed stressed
monometer
an entire line with just one stress
pentameter
in english verse, a five stress line
spondee
a two syllable foot following two stressed syllables
syllable
the smallest unit of soundc in a prounounced work
tetrameter
a line wiht four stresses
trimeter
a line with four stresses
trochee
a two syllable vfoot stressed unstressed
ballad stanza
usually a quatrain, in alternating iambic tetrameter and iambic trimeter
ballade
a form consisting usually of three stanzas followed by a four line envoi; last line of the first stanza establishes a refrain which is repeated
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter lines, no stanzas, broken into uneven units determined by sense rather than form
cuoplet
two consecutive rhyming lines usually containing the same number of stresses
ottava rima
an eight line stancza rhyming abababcc using iam pent
quatrain
a stanza of four lines, usually rhyming abcb abab or abba
refrain
usually a single line repeated as the last line of consecutive stanzas
rhyme royal
a stanza form seven iam pent lines rhyming ababbcc
sonnet
a form combining variable number of untits of rhymed line to produce a fourteen tline poem usually in rhyming iam pent
spenserian stanza
stanza developed by spenser for the faerie queene, nine iam lines, first eight are pent, follwed by one hex
tercet
stanza or group of three lines, used in larger forms such as terza rimea,petrarchan sonnet an dvillanelle
terza rima
a sequence ofrhyumed tercets linked by rhyme thus aba bcb cdc
triplet
a tercet rhming on the same sound
villanelle
a fixed form usually five tercets and quatrains employing only rhyme sounds altogether ryming aba for the tercets anabaa for teh quatrains, two refrains
apposition
the repetition of elements serving an identical grammatical function in one senentence, tehe effect is to arrest the flow of the sentnece
hyperbaton
the rarrangement or inversion of the expect word order in a sentence or clause
hypotaxisw
the subordination by the use of subordinate clauses of different elemnts of a sentence to a single main verb
parataxis
the coordination by the use of coordination conjunctions of different main clauses ina single sentence
deixisw
every work has, implicitly or explicityly, a here and now from which it is narrated words that refer to or imply this point from which the voice of the work is projected are examples of deixis
first person narration
narrative in which the voice narrating refers to itself with forms of teh first person prounoun
froame narrative,
some narratives particulary colletion, involve frame narrative that explains teh genisis of a perspective on the main narrative or narratives to follow
free indirect style
a narratorial voice that manages without explicit referecnce to imply and often implicitly to comment on the voice of a character in the narrative itself
omniscient narrator
all knowing a narrator who has complete access to both the deds and the thought of all characters
order
a story may be todl in different orders
plot
the sequence of events in a story as narrated
stream of conciousness
usually first person narrative that seems to give the reader access to the narrators mind as it perceives or reflects on events
third person
characters are referred to explicitly or implicitly by use of third person nnouns
unities
according to a theory supposedly derived from the events represented in a play should have unity of time that thake up no more tmie that the time of the play or at most a day, space should be within a single city, no subplot