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a words stylistic level which can be distinguished by degree of technicality but also by degree of formality
The repetition of an initial consonant sound or consonant cluster in consecutive or closely positioned words
the repetition of words or groups of words at the beginning of consecutive sentences clauses or phrases
the repetition of identical or near identical stressed vowel sounds in words whose final consonants differ, producing half rhyme
the repetition of final consonants words or stressed syllables whose voewl sounds are different
the repetition of identical vowel sounds in stressed syllables whose intial consonants differer
juxtaposition of opposeds terms in clauses or sentences that are next to or near each other
the figure by whcih something distatsteful is described in alternative, less repugnant terms
a subset of allegory; wheras allegory says one thing and means another, irony says one thing and means its opposite
the identification or implicit identification of one thing with another with which it is not literally identifiable
denying that one will discuss a subject while actually discussing it; also known as praeteritio
something that stands for something else, and yet seems necessarily to evoke that other thing
a syntacticpu8n whereby the one word is revealed to have more than one sense in the sentence as a whole
in french verse a line of twelve syllables, and, by analogy, in english verse a line of six stresses
a three syllable foot following the rhythmic patter in english verse of two unstressed followed by one stressed
a pause or breathing space within a line of verse, generally occuring between syntactic units
the opposite of end stopping, the enjambment occurs when the syntactic unit does not end with the metrical pattern
a form consisting usually of three stanzas followed by a four line envoi; last line of the first stanza establishes a refrain which is repeated
unrhymed iambic pentameter lines, no stanzas, broken into uneven units determined by sense rather than form
a form combining variable number of untits of rhymed line to produce a fourteen tline poem usually in rhyming iam pent
stanza developed by spenser for the faerie queene, nine iam lines, first eight are pent, follwed by one hex
stanza or group of three lines, used in larger forms such as terza rimea,petrarchan sonnet an dvillanelle
a fixed form usually five tercets and quatrains employing only rhyme sounds altogether ryming aba for the tercets anabaa for teh quatrains, two refrains
the repetition of elements serving an identical grammatical function in one senentence, tehe effect is to arrest the flow of the sentnece
the subordination by the use of subordinate clauses of different elemnts of a sentence to a single main verb
the coordination by the use of coordination conjunctions of different main clauses ina single sentence
every work has, implicitly or explicityly, a here and now from which it is narrated words that refer to or imply this point from which the voice of the work is projected are examples of deixis
first person narration
narrative in which the voice narrating refers to itself with forms of teh first person prounoun
some narratives particulary colletion, involve frame narrative that explains teh genisis of a perspective on the main narrative or narratives to follow
free indirect style
a narratorial voice that manages without explicit referecnce to imply and often implicitly to comment on the voice of a character in the narrative itself
all knowing a narrator who has complete access to both the deds and the thought of all characters
stream of conciousness
usually first person narrative that seems to give the reader access to the narrators mind as it perceives or reflects on events
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