How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

140 terms

CMAA STUDY GUIDE

STUDY GUIDE FROM NHA
STUDY
PLAY
Patient's Bill of Rights
developed for fairness and effectiveness of healthcare system - encourage people to take interest in their health - posted visibly in facility
HIPAA
establishes regulations for use and disclosure of protected health info - mandates all patients be provided with a copy of privacy policy
verbal communication
communication with use of language - words , sound , speaking
late patient - conflict
advise patient to arrive 30 minutes prior to apt
emergency call - conflict
patient should be seen same day
cancelled apt - conflict
remove original apt time - schedule new apt
unscheduled patient - conflict
accomodate patient as best as possible - patient should be squeezed in for a brief apt
failed apt - conflict
note absence on patient chart and apt book - attempt to reschedule
delayed patient wait time
briefly explain the reason for the delay - provide options for reschedule
block letter style
everything is aligned with the left margin
personal mail of physician
should be placed on top of mail pile
mail opened in error
should be taped and noted on front opened in error
personal and medical history
medical record
information gathered from patient - past illnesses , surgeries, daily health habits
patient's family history
medical record
important info - health of family members - causes and record of death
patient social history
medical record
patient lifestyle - smoking and drinking habits
diagnosis
medical record
decision made based on info regarding patient history and results of doctor's examination
indexing filing
last name, first name, middle - hyphenated is used as one unit - apostrophes are not used - titles and seniority used only on identical names - the and a are omitted
alphabetic filing
arranged in alphabetical order - must be enough room in filing cabinet for proper distribution
numeric filing
alphabetic cross reference used - assigned in consecutive numbers - : terminal digit
subject filing
either alpha or numeric assigned to general correspondence
tickler file
date labeled files used as reminder for time sensitive matters - used as follow up method - checked daily
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
cardi/o
heart
carcin/o
cancer - cancerous
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum - largest part of brain
cyt/o
cell
dent/i
teeth
derm/o
skin
electr/o
electrical activity
enter/o
intestine
fet/o
fetus
gastr/o
stomach
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment, physician
leuk/o
white
nephr/o
kidney
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
thromb/o
clotting
ur/o
urinary tract
organs
comprised of several types of tissue
systems
groups of organs working together to perform complex function
dorsal cavities
back of body
positional term is posterior
cranial cavity and spinal cavity
ventral cavities
front of body
positional term is anterior
thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, pelvic cavity
pleural cavity
part of thoracic cavity
space surrounding each lung
mediastinum cavity
part of thoracic cavity
contains heart, aorta, trachea, etc
diaphragm
muscle seperates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity
pelvic cavity
rectum, urinary bladder, urethrs and ureters, uterus and vagina
abdominal cavity
stomach, small and large intestine, spleen, pancreas, liver and gallbladder
abdominopelvic cavity
abdominal and pelvic cavity referred to as this because nothing seperates them
sagittal plane
vertical planes that seperate the sides from each other
midsagittal plane
seperates the body into right and left halves
frontal plane
divides body into front and back
transverse plane
divides body horizontally into upper and lower
musculoskeletal system
includes bones, muscles and joints - framework for organs - protects organs - ability to move
ligaments
fibrous bands of tissue connect bones to one another
tendons
attach muscle to bones
fascia
fibrous covering of muscles
articular cartilage
covers end of many bones - serves as protective function
bones
complete organs made up of connective tissue called osseous
hematopoietic tissue
inner core of bone - red bone marrow manufactures blood cells
axial skeleton
skull, rib cage, spine
appenduicular skeleton
shoulder, collar, pelvic , arms and legs
long bones
very strong, broad at ends and have large surface for muscle attachment
femur and humerus
short bones
small irregular shape
wrist and ankle
flat bones
covers softs body parts
shoulder blade, ribs, pelvic bones
sesamoid bones
small rounded resemble sesame seed - found near joints - increases efficiency of muscles near a joint
frontal bone - cranium
forms anterior part of skull and forehead
parietal bones - cranium
forms the side of the cranium
occipital bone - cranium
forms the back of the skull
foramen magnum - cranium
part of occipital bone - allows brain communication to the spinal cord
temporal bone - cranium
forms two lower sides of cranium
ethmoid bone - cranium
forms the roof of the nasal cavity
sphenoid bones - cranium
anterior to the temporal bones
zygoma - facial
cheekbone
lacrimal bones - facial
paired bones at the corner of each eye cradles the tear ducts
maxilla - facial
upper jaw bone
madible - facial
lower jaw bone
vomer - facial
bone that forms the posterior/inferior part of the nasal septal wall between the nostrils
palatine bones - facial
mark up part of the roof on the mouth
inferior nasal conchae - facial
mark up part of the interior of the nose
vertebrae
26 - make up the spine
cervical spine
neck bones
thoracic spine
upper back
lumbar spine
lower back
sacral spine
sacrum
coccygeal spine
coccyx - tailbone
rib cage
12 pairs of ribs
true - false - floating
true ribs
# 1-7 attaches directly to sternum in the front of the body
false ribs
# 8-10 attach to sternum by cartilage
floating ribs
11 & 12 are not attached at all
upper appendicular skeleton
shoulder girdle made up of scapula, clavicle and upper extremities
scapula
shoulder blade - flat bones help support the arms
clavicle
collarbone - curved horizontal bones attach to upper sternum at one end - help stabalize the shoulder
upper extremities
humerus , ulna , radius, carpals , metacarpals, phalanges
humerus
upper arm bone
ulna
lower medial arm bone
radius
lateral arm bone - in line with the thumb
carpals
wrist bones - two rows of four bones
metacarpals
five radiating bones in the fingers - bones in palm of hand
phalanges
finger bones - each finger has three phalanges except for the thumb
proximal, middle, distal phalanx
lower appendicular skeleton
pelvis and lower extremities
pelvis
superior and widest bone
ischium
lower portion of the pelvic bone
pubic bone
lower anterior part of the bone
lower extremities
femur, patella, tibia, fibula , malleolus, tarsal, metatarsal, phalanx
femur
thighbone
patella
kneecap
tibia
shin
fibula
smaller, lateral leg bone
malleolus
ankle
tarsal
hind foot bone
metatarsal
midfoot bone
phalanx
toe bones - 14 in all - 2 in great toe - 3 in each other toes
joints
two or more bones join - have different ROM - no movement to full ROM
no ROM
most synarthroses are immovable joints held together by fibrous tissue
limited ROM
amphiathroses joints are joined together by cartilage slightly moveable - vertebrae and pubic bone
full ROM
diathroses joint have free movement - ball and socket joints (hip) - hinge joints (knee)
synovial joints
free moving joints are surrounded by joint capsules - most have bursae (sacs of fluid between bones of joint and tendons hold muscle in place)
muscle
tissue composed of cells - contract and relax -
muscle funtions
allow skeleton to move - responsible for movement of organs - pump blood to circulatory system
extension - muscle action
increase angle of joint
flexion - muscle action
decrease angle of joint
abduction - muscle action
movement away from midline
adduction - muscle action
movement toward midline
supination - muscle action
turning palm or foot upward
pronation - muiscle action
turning palm or foot downward
dorsiflexion - muscle action
raising foot , pulling toes toward the shin
plantar flexion - muscle action
lowering the foot , pointing toes away from shin
eversion - muscle action
turning outward
inversion - muscle action
turning inward
protraction - muscle action
moving a part of the body forward
retraction - muscle action
moving a part of the body backward
rotation - muscle action
revolving a bone around its axis
fracture
broken bone - result of trauma - diseases like cancer can also cause fracture