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Terms in this set (94)
TRUE OR FALSE - Poetry originated in "the oral tradition."
TRUE OR FALSE - An epic is a narrative that originated in the oral tradition and was meant to be sung
Epics such as Beowulf were written during what literary period?
the Anglo Saxon Period
Which of the following do we associate with the troubadours?
Percy Shelly, Lord Byron, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, and John Keats are poets of what period?
the Romantic Period
Emily Dickinson, Lewis Carroll, and Edgar Allen Poe were poets of this period:
the Victorian Period
The Modern Period or modernism and the free verse revolution took place approximately when?
Another phrase that means "free verse" is:
open form poetry
The period we are in right now is called:
the Post-Modern Period
Unlike prose, which is written from margin to margin, poetry makes use of individual:
lines [with the exception of prose poems]
TRUE OR FALSE: Poets are more likely to use imagery and figures of speech than prose writers.
What is lyric poetry?
poetry that expresses a speaker's mood, feelings, or state of mind
TRUE OR FALSE: A poem can have only one speaker.
False (example: "Ballad of the Landlord")
TRUE OR FALSE:
The speaker in the poem is always the same as the poet.
What is a persona poem?
a poem in which the poet speaks in the voice of a character
Which of the following is NOT true about the poem "Garbage Truck"?
It uses the story-within-a-story technique
When a line of poetry does not end in a natural grammatical pause such as a period or comma, this is called.....?
This poem lists the boastful thoughts of seven young men playing pool at a pool hall called the Golden Shovel:
"We Real Cool"
The poem "We Real Cool" was written by:
Here are some lines from "We Real Cool." Are these lines enjambed?
We real cool. We
Left school. We
"The Ballad of the Landlord" was written by:
Langston Hughes was a key figure in what literary movement?
The Harlem Renaissance movement
TRUE OR FALSE: A ballad is a type of narrative poem.
How many voices (or speakers) are there in "The Ballad of the Landlord"?
What is the denotation of a word?
Its dictionary meaning
What is the connotation of a word?
Its associations and what it suggests
What type of diction is characterized by a learned vocabulary and grammatically correct usages
What type of diction is characterized by contractions, slang, regional expressions, and nonstandard words?
The language arrangement of "Ten bucks you say I owe you" instead of "You say I owe you ten bucks" is an example of:
Inverted word sequence
The author of the first English language dictionary was:
TRUE OR FALSE: The poem "Jabberwocky" is based on and makes fun of epics with heroes such as Beowulf.
The poem "Jabberwocky" was written by:
What is the "Jabberwock"?
a monster-like creature
When the words of "Jabberwocky" imitate the sound of the "vorpal blade" that went "snicker snack," this is called:
The poem "Ozymandias" was written by Lord Byron in 1818.
False [It was written by Percy Shelly]
Ozymandias was guilty of "hubris," which means:
Which of the following poems contains a story-within-a story?
How many voices (speakers) are there in the poem "Ozymandias"?
What is irony?
Irony is present when a situation or statement has two levels of meaning and there is a gap or contradiction between them.
Here are lines from the poem Ozymandias." Why are these lines ironic?
And on the pedestal these words appear:
"My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:
Look on my works, ye Mighty, and despair!"
Nothing beside remains. Round the decay
Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare...
because of the contrast between the wrecked colossal statue of the king and the words on the pedestal
The theme of the poem "Ozymandias" might be:
those who think they can withstand the ravages of time are vain and mistaken
The story-within-a-story device in the poem "Ozymandias" gives the poem a tone of:
What is imagery?
Words used to describe senses
What is a simile?
compares two things using the word "like" or "as"
The poem "The Old Pond" by Basho was written approximately when?
The poem "The Old Pond" is about:
The name "Basho" is a nickname which means:
TRUE OR FALSE: In the Western world a haiku is written with 7 syllables in the first line, 5 syllables in the second line, and 7 syllables in the third line (7-5-7).
False [It's 5-7-5]
Which of the following is/are true about a haiku?
A. a haiku consists of images of the world of nature
•B. Usually a season of the year is stated or implied
•C. The haiku originated in Japan
•D. All of the above
In the poem "The Old Pond," it is implied that the season of the year is:
TRUE OR FALSE: In the poem "The Old Pond," the word "splash" uses onomatopoeia.
The theme of the poem "The Old Pond" is:
old versus young
•D. All of the above
Which important movement or group of poets was influenced by Basho and other non-Western poets?
What is synesthesia?
when one sense is described in a way that is more appropriate for another sense
TRUE OR FALSE: William Carlos Williams, author of "The Red Wheelbarrow," was an Imagist.
TRUE OR FALSE: The poem "The Red Wheelbarrow" is written in free verse.
The lines of the poem "The Red Wheelbarrow" are enjambed.
When William Carlos Williams splits the word "wheelbarrow" in the middle and puts half on one line ("wheel") and half on the next line ("barrow"), this is an extreme example of:
The poem "The Red Wheelbarrow" is a concrete poem in the sense that:
The shape of the stanzas of the poem are similar to the shape of a wheelbarrow (a concrete poem creates a pattern or picture on the page that looks like the subject of the poem)
In the poem "The Red Wheelbarrow," the white chickens are thought to symbolize:
the audience for the poem
What is meter?
the recurrence of regular units of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
The basic unit of meter is:
the foot [A foot is a group of syllables with a fixed pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.]
The following lines are from a Shakespearean sonnet. The meter of these lines is:
So long as men can breathe or men can see
So long lives this, and this gives life to thee
The following line is from "The Raven" by Edgar Allen Poe. The meter of this line is:
Once apon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,...
The most common meter in the English language
A caesura is a(n):
What are "end-stopped lines"?
Lines that are not enjambed [in other words, lines that end with the natural end of a sentence or at a natural pause]
What is onomatopoeia?
when the sound of a word echoes its meaning
What is cacophony?
when the sounds of the individual words are jarring or harsh
TRUE OR FALSE: Perfect rhyme is when the final vowel and consonant sounds of two words are the same.
TRUE OR FALSE: Eye rhyme is also called slant or imperfect rhyme.
False [Eye rhyme is where two words look as if they should rhyme but do not—like watch/catch]
The following line is a quote from "The Raven:
Once upon a midnight dreary while I pondered weak and weary
This line contains:
Shakespeare's plays are written in unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter called:
The poem "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day" was written:
during the Renaissance
The poem "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day" is a:
Which of the following is true about Shakespeare's sonnets?
They were probably written first to a male love and later to a female love.
In Edgar Allen Poe's poem "The Raven," the raven might symbolize:
death and grief
In Edgar Allen Poe's poem "The Raven," what person is the speaker mourning? (give name)
The poem "The Raven" is a:
Closed form refers to poems that:
use meter and rhyme according to a fixed pattern
TRUE OR FALSE:
Free verse refers to poems that do not use meter and do not rhyme according to a fixed pattern
A stanza is:
A group of lines, often unified by a rhyme scheme, that constitutes the basic unit of a poem
A poem which has fourteen lines, written in iambic pentameter, that follows the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg, (14 lines) is likely to be a:
In the poem "Shall I compare thee to a summer's day," why does the speaker say his lover's "eternal summer shall not fade"?
Because the lover lives on through the poem
TRUE OR FALSE: A symbol is a reference to a person, place, or event outside the poem—you are supposed to know the reference or look it up.
False [The definition given is for an allusion.]
The words carpe diem mean:
seize the day
In the poem "To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time," the "rosebuds" that we must gather are symbolic of what?
The poem "To the Virgins, To Make Much of Time" was written by:
When Emily Dickinson writes "To Foe of his-- I'm deadly Foe," this is an example of:
The poem "My a life had Stood— a Loaded Gun" uses the images of a loaded gun and of a hunter who hunts with the gun. Which of the following is the most accurate?
Images of the gun and hunting are used as an extended metaphor throughout the poem.
Which of the following is true about poet Emily Dickinson?
She was a recluse who hardly published any poems during her lifetime.
In " My Life had Stood— a Loaded Gun," who is the "Owner" that picks up the gun and carries it away?
The poem does not say
A brief, unrhymed poem that presents the essence of some aspect of nature, concentrating on a vivid image in three lines, is likely to be a: