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13 terms

Georgetown High School TAKS Science Objective 3 Student Review

10th and Exit level science TAKS review of objective 3
STUDY
PLAY
commensalism
one organism benefits (is happy) and one organism is not harmed or helped (is neutral meaning it doesn't really care)
mutualism
both organsims benefit (both are happy!)
parasitism
one organism benefits (is happy) and one organsims is harmed (is sad)
All viruses cause diseases such as
AIDS (from HIV which infect the helper T cells), colds, warts, smallpox, flu (influenza)
virus
NOT LIVING, must have living host, cannot be killed with antibiotics
bacteria
living (eubacteria or archebacteria kingdom), can be harmful or beneficial, examples: strep throat, staph infections
beneficial bacteria
aid in digestion, food making (cheese, yoguar), drugs (inculin), decompose and recycle nutrients
harmful bacteria
cause diseases, can spoil food, can be treated with antibiotics
trophic levels
4th Level Tertiary Consumers (less energy then 3rd level)
3rd Level Secondary Consumers (less energy then 2nd level)
2nd Level Primary Consumbers (less energy then 1st level)
1st Level Producers (maximum amount of energy)
food energy pyramid
shows what happens to energy in an ecosystem as it flows from one organism to another, top of pyramid less energy, bottom of pyramid more energy (plants are at the bottom)
grass (look who ate me!)→deer
food chain or web, grass (energy flow)→deer
evidence of change in a species
fossil record, DNA, anatomical similarities (similar body parts), physiological similarities, embryology
natural selection
organisms with favorable traits survive and are able to reproduce (survival of the fittest)