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15 terms

DNA

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DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid; the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring.
Double Helix
the twisted ladder shape of DNA
Bases
The four basic molecules that make up DNA.
Cytosine
The base that pairs with Guanine in DNA
Guanine
The base that pairs with Cytosine in DNA
Adenine
The base that pairs with Thymine in DNA
Thymine
The base that pairs Adenine in DNA
DNA Codes
Sections of DNA that determine your inherited traits; genes
Gene
A segment of DNA on a chromosome that codes for a specific trait, a basic unit of heredity
Clone
An organism that is genetically identical to the organism from which it was produced.
Genetic Modification
is the technique of changing the genetic makeup of a cell to give it certain characterisics .
Genome
complete set of an organism's genetic material
Location of DNA
A cell's nucleus
Four chemicals in DNA
Cytosine, Guanine, Adenine, Thymine
Chromosome
threadlike structure within the nucleus containing the genetic information that is passed from one generation of cells to the next