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Personal Wellness Exam 2
Terms in this set (95)
Generally MyPlate recommendations are intended for?
General public over 2 years of age
The component in breakfast that staved off hunger the most and made the subjects eat less for lunch? (Nutrition Movie)
Dry beans, eggs, nuts, and peanut butter are?
inexpensive sources of protein
"Code dating" or the series of numbers stamped on a food label is important for?
Identifies "lot" in case of food recall
Coenzyme function(s) of vitamin includes:
synthesis of fat and glycogen, degradation of amino acids, synthesis of neurotransmitters and deriving energy from fat
USDA tables (online) that give nutrient composition of individual foods?
National Nutrient Databank
Protein and carbohydrate have 4 kcal per gram, whereas fat has ____ and alcohol has ____ kcal per gram?
What food is this? "corn syrup, sugar, dextrose, modified food starch (corn), water, gelatin, natural and artificial flavor, tetrasodium pyrophosphate"?
If a food is called "Chocolate-flavored milk" that means that the ingredients must include all of the follow EXCEPT:
The USDA definition of a "Food Desert" involves low income people and?
low access to grocery store or healthy food
All of these describe starches EXCEPT:
contain soluble and insoluble fiber
Where does "carmine" come from? This is listed as a food ingredient in yogurt, some candies, and soft drinks
Vitamin present in vegetable oils and wheat germ that protects cell membranes and tissues. It is also an antioxidant?
The "hunger hormone" made in the stomach that urges the brain to eat high calorie foods? (Nutrition film)
T/f Excess consumed amino acids not needed for synthesis are stored in muscle
According to research article by Adam Drewnowski, all of the following veggies provide the highest Nutrient Density per dollar EXCEPT?
People who are "food insecure" are best defined as those who:
have limited or uncertain availability of food usually because they lack sufficient money or resources
Essential fatty acids (needed in diet) are:
present in sunflower oil, safflower oil, and canola oil
Vitamin and/or mineral supplements
can be justified for older adults, pregnant women, and some other populations
According to the nutrition film choosing low calorie versions of most foods:
can significantly reduce the number of calories one might ordinarily consume
Local grocery store that is likely to have the lowest food prices, based on categories given in Food Budgeting lecture:
According to "Household Food Insecurity in the US 2013" the HIGHEST prevalence of food insecurity is in households that:
are headed by a single woman
SNAP (Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program) (formerly "Food Stamps"):
is the largest federal program for low income Americans, uses the poverty guidelines to determine eligibility, recipients use electronic debit cards to purchase food from eligible retailers.
Statement that "best summarizes the comparative advantages of "meal eating" vs. "grazing"
the both have their benefits; neither is best
Who was the narrator of the film "Minnesota Semi-starvation Experiment" that was played in class:
Former subject in the semi-starvation experiment
During the semi-starvation phase of the study, what symptom(s) were observed FIRST
In the nutrition film putting a meal in the blender so it formed a thick soup had this effect in human subjects?
kept the stomach fuller longer
Food/food group most likely to provoke bloating and gas in Black, Asian, and Native American populations - in contrast to Caucasian populations
Example of "street level" food assistance provider that is not a Federal, government program?
food pantry such as Flint Hills Breadbasket
According to MyPlate recommendations, the percentage of the plate "surface" taken up for each food group below is correct for all EXCEPT for:
Grains - 50%
In the Nutrition film, when the subject skipped breakfast, his brain response was especially marked for?
sugary, fatty foods
If a can of peaches is stamped "Best if used by" it means that this is the date that the food?
is best in terms of flavor or quality
Generally speaking, vegetarian diets have ____ than the usual American diet.
less saturated fat and cholesterol, more fiber, more phytochemicals
Retention of water-soluble vitamins would probably be highest for this method of cooking:
steamed or microwaved
During the semi-starvation period of the Minnesota Experiment the subjects?
found it difficult to solve complex intellectual problems
"Whole grain" breads and cereals?
should be HALF of your breads and grains servings, should be included as the "core" of a good breakfast
If you ate a meal consisting of different types of carbohydrates - starch in breakfast cereal, white sugar on cereal, and carbs in orange juice - and all of these carbs were digested, absorbed, and processed by the liver - what form would these carbs appear in the blood?
for example are calcium or phosphorous
Vegans or total vegetarians will find it more difficult to consume enough of these nutrients?
calcium, protein, vitamin B-12, zinc
Type/class of food likely to have the best quantity and ration of indispensable (essential) amino acids?
Vegetarians who do not eat fish should consume this to get enough omega fatty acids EPA and DHA
a supplement containing EPA and DHA
The Minnesota Semi-Starvation Experiment was performed to determine?
the best way to rehabilitate starved people
Absorption of this nutrient in plant foods of vegetarian diets is enhanced by vitamin C
In the Nutrition film smaller plate size or container size had what effect on the amount of food consumed?
smaller food consumption
consumption should be less than 7% of kcal according to AHA recommendations
According to the research article by Adam Drewnowski, all of the following vegetables provide the highest Nutrient Density per dollar EXCEPT
Decisions made regarding how much money to award for legal and public assistance purposes are based partly on calculated food costs for?
Low Cost, Moderate Cost, and Liberal Food Plans
One butterscotch hard candy has 15g carbs, 1g protein, and 0g fat. Given what you know about kcal/g estimate how many total calories are in this candy
Vitamin and/pr mineral supplements
can be justified for older adults, pregnant women and some other populations
According to the different cases histories in the nutrition film, all of the follow decrease the amount of calories consumed EXCEPT
offering a variety of food
Optimal temperature ranges that you should keep your refrigerator and freezer to minimize food spoilage?
0 F or lower
When comparing fresh fruit, canned fruit, and 100% fruit juice:
canned fruit is more likely to have added sugar than the other two
The people in the starvation film were "starved" by feeding:
reduced calorie diet that were rotated every three days
In the nutrition film the overweight British actor was not able to lose weight even though she was trying to do the right things with diet and exercise because?
she ate more calories than she thought
The food labeling term "low calorie" means?
40 kcal or less/serving
Approved participants for the "WIC" special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children must meet these guidelines?
income, state residency, be at "nutritional risk"
Sources of protein can be varied in the diet if you?
replace meat with beans/peas several times a week, eat fish instead of other meat several times a week, choose nuts as a snack or topping
The type/class of fat/lipid that's present in canola and olive oil, some margarines, avocados, nuts and seeds - that helps to lower blood cholesterol levels
based on what you know about the relative cost of food groups, these foods likely to be the "cheapest" way to get fiber
oatmeal or popcorn
National organization whose registered members are Registered Dietitians (RD)
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
The food group that is most likely "enriched" or fortified with added amounts of vitamins A and D during commercial processing?
milk or dairy
Omega 3 fatty acids:
slow growth of atherosclerotic plaque and reduce blood triglycerides
Organic compounds that function as coenzyme involved in energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, and synthesis of various body compounds?
T/F: Multiple Vitamin Mineral Supplements will compensate for an otherwise poor diet
The macronutrient most thought of as being necessary for "normal" function or fuel use of the brain, red blood cells, and white blood cells:
levels are regulated by insulin and glucagon
Which of the following best describes the effectiveness of Echinacea supplements in preventing and/or treating a cold?
modestly reduces duration and severity of symptoms
During the semi starvation phase of the experiment the subjects?
experienced depression and apathy
most common "health" use of flaxseed as stated in your online reading?
Select the correct statement from the film regarding cardiovascular disease?
some people have hereditary factors that will require drugs even with a healthy diet
High quality protein?
contains a sufficient amount and ratio of amino acids that cannot be synthesized by the body
is vital for formation of some hormones, Vitamin D, and parts of cell membranes
Mineral used in the formation of thyroid hormone and present in iodized salt and salt-water fish?
What portions of your food plate should be occupied by Fruits and Veggies according to MyPlate?
What labeling terms would you look for if you wanted to buy bread and fruit juice and the grocery store and wanted to meet recommended guidelines?
100% whole wheat bread, 100% fruit juice
Correct statement regarding high blood pressure/hypertension:
incidence is affected by overweight/obesity. excess alcohol consumption, physical inactivity
The new USDA "MyPlate" shows?
area on food plate occupied by each food group
Transports cholesterol from the liver to body cells, on the way it forms fatty deposits on the walls of arteries and blood vessels?
Generic brands of canned fruits and veggies are usually?
cheaper than well known brands
Trace mineral in red meat that is part of hemoglobin and myoglobin in blood?
What happened in the subjects during the beginning of the "rehabilitation phase" that the researches didn't expect?
didn't gain weight as rapidly as expected
These are all on Dr. Grunewald's cheap list of low cost, nutritious food EXCEPT
frozen french fries
Must say the word "supplement" on the label
According to "Dietary Supplements" reading, all of the following groups may benefit from taking a supplement EXCEPT:
college students under mental stress
White table sugar (sucrose) is pure carbohydrate. How many kcal are in 1 teaspoon, if 1 teaspoon weighs 4 grams?
Given what you know about the effects of soluble fiber you would expect that foods that contain it such as apples, oatmeal, and beans would have a relatively ____ glycemic index.
Although fish oil/omega 3 fatty acid supplements are generally recognized as safe they can result in ______ in some people, especially if taken in large doses.
Who were the subjects used in Ancel Key's Minnesota Semi-Starvation Experiment
conscientious objectors to the war
Supplement having a historical use in Asian medicine as an adaptogen helping people cope with stress and as a general tonic for improving well being?
Most of the salt in our diets comes from? (Nutrition Film)
Protein requirements are increased by?
infections, fevers, surgical trauma, environmental stress
Toxic vitamin if taken in large amounts?
Type of dairy product to select, assuming that the individual does not have lactose intolerance, digestive diseases, or allergies to milk?
low fat or fat free
The "variety of colors" to aim for in fruits and veggies is most strongly associated with presence of?
According to the nutrition film, a low cancer diet is high in fruits, veggies, and?
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