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APUSH chapter 9 ID

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Protestant Episcopal Church
New name for the Anglican Church after it was disestablished and de- Anglicized in Virginia and elsewhere
Republican Motherhood
The idea that American women had a special responsibility to cultivate "civic virtue" in their children
Constitutional Convention
A type of special assembly, originally developed in Massachusetts, for drawing up a fundamental law that would be superior to ordinary law
Articles of Confederation
The first constitutional government of the United States
Old Northwest
The territory north of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi governed by the act of 1785-1787
sections
In the new territories, six-mile by six-mile square areas consisting of thirty-six sections, one of which was set aside for public schools
territory
the status of a western area under the Northwest Ordinance after it established an organized government but before it became a state
Shays' Rebellion
A failed revolt in 1786 by poor debtor farmers that raised fears of "mobocracy"
Large State Plan
the plan proposed by Virginia at the Constitutional Convention for a bicameral legislature with representation base on population. (Also known as the Virginia Plan.)
Small State Plan
the plan provided for equal representation in Congress. (Also known as the New Jersey Plan.)
Three fifths Compromise
the compromise between North and South that resulted in each slave being counted as 60 percent of a free person for purposes of representation
Bill of Rights
a list of guarantees that federalists promised to add to the Constitution in order to win ratification
Society of the Cincinnati
An exclusive order of military officers that aroused strong democratic opposition
Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Legislation passed by an alliance of Jefferson and the Baptists that disestablished the Anglican church
Articles of Confederation
Document of 1781, first written government of the US, that was put out of business by the Constitution
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Created for the Northwest Territory , legislation that provided for the orderly transformation of western territories into states.
Benjamin Franklin
Elder statesman who lent his prestige to the Constitutional Convention and promoted the "Great Compromise"
Daniel Shays
A Revolutionary war veteran who led poor farmers in a revolt that failed but had far-reaching consequences
George Washington
Unanimously elected chairman of the secret convention of "demi gods" = Constitutional Convention
James Madison
"The father of the Constitution" and author of Federalist No. 10
federalists
Wealthy conservatives devoted to republicanism who engineered a nonviolent political transformation
antifederalist
Group that failed to block the central government they feared but did force the promise of a bill of rights
Patrick Henry
Virginia antifederalist leader who thought the Constitution spelled the end of liberty and equality
Alexander Hamilton
Young New Yorker who argued eloquently for the Constitution even though he favored an even stronger central government
John Jay
Frustrated foreign affairs secretary under the Articles; one of the three authors of The Federalist
Massachusetts
First of key states where federalists won by a narrow margin over the opposition of antifederalist Sam Adams
New York
The only state to allow a direct vote on the Constitution