50 terms

Great Depression

Create more jobs
President Hoover hoped that public works would
Local and state were responsible
Hoover opposed direct federal relief to the unemployed because he believed that
Generally rose
Before the late 1920s, stock prices
Went home
When the senate voted the new bonus bill down, many veterans
Loans to states for financial relief
The Emergency Relief and Construction Act provided
John Steinbeck
Wrote the Grapes of Wrath, about a family fleeing the Dust Bowl
Gold standard
In 1932 the nations money was based on the ___ in which an ounce of gold could be exchanged for a set number of dollars
Investors started selling stock
Stock prices first began to decline in late 1929 because
Money that went directly to impoverished families
Bonus army
WWI veterans who marched on Washington in 1932 was called the
National Recovery Act
urged consumers to buy goods only from companies that displayed its blue eagle symbol
Douglas MacAuthur
led the troops that dispersed the bonus army
Everyone lost their money
During the Great Depression, when a bank collapsed,
Of a drought
In 1932 farmers on the Great Plains began to lose their crops because
For their WWI bonuses
WWI veterans came to Washington in 1932 to lobby Congress
Loans and banks invested in the market
The stock market crash weakened the nations banks because
Most economists agree that a key cause of the Depression was
Snow white and the 7 dwarfs
First feature length aniamated film
Polio with little use of his legs
FDR caught the paralyzing disease ___ which left him with little use of his legs
Fix the banks
To fight the Depression, Roosevelt believed the first thing to do was to
Securities and exchange commitee's
To regulate the stock market, the Roosevelt Administration created the
New Deal
Roosevelts policies for ending the Depression became known as the
Refianced failing mortages
The Home Owners Loan Corporation
Hundred days
when FDR sent bill after bill to Congress came to be called
Giving licenses to sound banks
The Emergency Banking Relief Act helped solve the banking crisis by
Paying them not to farm
The Agricultural Adjustment Administraiton tried to help farmers by
Federal deposit insurance corporation
Covered ppls savings in banks against loss
Prevent bankruns
During the depression many state governors declared "bank holidays" to
Intervention in the economy
Although disagreeing on specifics, FDR's advisers favored government
Loss of property due to nonpayment of the mortgage
Securities Act of 1933
Required companies that sold stocks and bonds to provide complete and truthful info to investors
Civilian conservation corporation
offered unemployed young men work plating trees, fighting forest fires, and building reservoirs
Glass-Steagle Act
Prohibited commercial banks from speculating on the stock market
Fireside chat
Franklin Roosevelt addressed ppl directly by radio in what were called
Civil works administration
awarded contracts to construction companies to build highways, dams, schools, and other facilities
National industrial recovery act
Promoted codes of fair competition
American liberty league
formed to oppose the New Deal
A union for the auto industry
The comittee for industrial organizaion set out to organize
a retirement program
framers of the social security act saw it primarily as
national industrial act unconstitutional
in the case schechter v. united states, the supreme court
dephosit spending
to pay for new deal programs, roosevelt abandoned a balanced budget and began using
social security
established to provide some security for unemployed workers
sitdown strike
when general motors demoted two union men, the workers staged the first __ strike, in which they stopped working but refused to leave the factory
wagner act
set up a process whereby dissatisfied union members could take their complaints to binding arbitration
what group joined the democratic party in large numbers after new deal
it hurt the seperation of powers
franklin roosevelts "court packing plan" was a serious mistake because
federal housing authority
subsidized loans for builders willing to buy blocks of slums and build low cost housing