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8 terms

Chemistry 621A - Ch 20 - Oxidation & Reduction Reactions

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Oxidation
A process that involves complete or partial loss of electrons or a gain of oxygen; it results in an increase in the oxidation number of an ion
Oxidation-Reduction Reaction
A reaction that involves the transfer of electrons between reactants
Oxidizing agent
The substance in a redox reaction that accepts electrons; in the reaction, the oxidizing agent is reduced.
Redox Reaction
Another name for an oxidation-reduction reaction
Reducing Agent
the substance in a redox reaction that donates electrons; in the reaction, the reducing agent is oxidized
Reduction
A process that involves a complete or partial gain of electrons or the loss of oxygen; it results in a decrease in the oxidation numbers of an atom.
Oxidation Number
A positive or negative number assigned to an atom to indicate its degree of oxidation or reduction; the oxidation number of an uncombined element is zero
Oxidation-Number-Change Method
A method a balancing a redox equation by comparing the increases and decreases in oxidation numbers.