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73 terms

Civil War

STUDY
PLAY
The basic cause of the Civil War was a difference of opinion between North and South over the existence of ______
Slavery
On another issue, Southerners opposed a ______ that Northern manufacturers demanded as protection against cheaper foreign goods
Tariff
Plantation owners in the South were angered by people who helped slaves escape along the _______ ______
Underground Railroad
Slaves became free men when they reached ________
Canada
People who helped slaves were breaking the ________
Fugitive Slave Act
Northerners who wanted to do away with slavery were called _______
Abolitionists
Southerners became alarmed when a Northerner named _______ was elected president in 1860
Abraham Lincoln
After the election of 1860, seven states decided they no longer wanted to be a part of the _______
Union
The first state to leave the Union was ______ _____
South Carolina
Altogether, eleven Southern Sates ______
Seceded
A new nation was formed called the Confederate States of America, or ______
CSA
The President of the Confederate States was ______ ______
Jefferson Davis
States which did not side with either the North or South were called ________ _______
Border States
The Civil War lasted from ____ to ____
1861, 1865
The Confeseracy hoped that ______ and France would come to its aid
England
Men in the Northern army were called Union soldiers, while those from the South were known as _________ soldiers
Confederate
The war began when Confederates at Charleston, South Carolina, fired on Union troops stationed at _____ ______
Fort Sumter
Following the attack on Fort Sumter, Lincoln asked for _________ volunteers to join the Union Army
75,000
At the Battle of ____ ____, Confederates showed they would not be easily defeated in the Civil War
Bull Run
The Southern commander through most of the war was _____ __ _____
Robert E. Lee
Union forces hoped to capture the Confederate capital at _______, _______
Richmond, Virginia
On several occasions during the war, the Confederates threatened the Northern capital at _________ ___
Washington D.C.
The _________ fought to a draw at Hampton Roads, Virginia
Ironclads
General Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North ended at the bloody Battle of ________
Antietam
Confederate General _______ was accidentally killed by his own men at Chancellorsville
Jackson
During the war, the Confederacy was unable to trade its cotton to other countries for badly needed supplies because of the Union _______
Blockade
New Orleans fell to a Union naval squadron under Admiral _______
Farragut
The Confederate Army tried to invade the North for a second time in 1863, but was defeated at _______, Pennsylvania
Gettysburg
The victorious Union Commander at Gettysburg was General ______
Meade
The North took control of the Mississippi River when the city of _________ surrendered after a lengthy siege
Vicksburg
A Union army commanded by General _______ burned Atlanta and marched to the sea
Sherman
Most of the battles of the war were fought on ________ soil
Southern
After four years of fighting, General Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at _________ ____ ____
Appomotox Court House
Union General in the Battles of the Seven Days
George McClellan
Winner of the 2nd Battle of Bull Run
Confederacy
Winner of Vicksburg
Union
Winner of Chancellorsville
Confederacy
Winner of Gettysburg
Union
Winner of New Orleans
Union
Winner of Fort Sumter
Confederacy
Winner of Antietam
Union
Winner of Shiloh
Union
Winner of Fredericksburg
Confederacy
Winner of 1st Battle of Bull Run
Confederacy
Winner of Seven Days/Pines
Confederacy
Winner of Fort Henry
Union
Winner of Atlanta
Union
Winner of Fort Donelson
Union
Winner of Savannah
Union
Winner of Chattanooga
Union
Winner of Chickamauga
Confederacy
Winner of Wilmington
Union
Winner of Jackson, Mississippi
Union
The Union President in the Election of 1860
Abraham Lincoln
The CSA President
Jefferson Davis
Union General in 1864, come from west to east
Ulysses Grant
Union General in West
William Sherman
Nurse who started Red Cross
Clara Barton
Naval officer who captured New Orleans
David Farragut
General at Bull Run and Fort Sumter
P.G.T Beauregard
General who stood his ground at Bull Run and killed by his own men as Chancellorsville
Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
General who led a final charge at Gettysburg
General Pickett
The first official battle where blood was shed
Bull Run
Where Naval officer captured the city that opened up Mississippi River in South
New Orleans
A battle in PA that was a turnaround battle
Gettysburg
Battle that Union almost lost, took several days
Shiloh
A city that lost from seige, split south in half, and Union took control of Mississippi River
Vicksburg
A Battle in North, south lost terribly
Antietam
A document that freed slaves in all seceded states
Emancipation Proclamation
War strategy that involed attacking resources, livestock, and civilians
Total War
A war strategy that pushed an enemy until they tire and fail
War of Attrition
War Strategy used by Grant
War of Attrition
War Strategy used by Sherman
Total War