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30 terms

Dental Terminology

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mamelon
rounded prominence on the incisal edge of newly erupted tooth
apical foramen
opening at the apex of a root of a tooth
cervix
the neck of the tooth
anterior
towards the front
mastication
the act of chewing
mandibular
lower arch
quadrant
1/2 of 1 dental arch
salivary gland
3 pair, sublingual, submandibular, and parotid
maxillary
upper arch
dorsal
refers to the backside of the body
enamel
hard covering of the crown of the tooth, the hardest tissue of the body
mucosa
lining of the oral cavity
cingulum
buldge of enamel on the cervical 1/3 of anterior teeth on the lingual side
ventral
refers to the frontside of the body
gingiva
soft tissue surrounding the teeth (gums)
fissure
deep grooves or pits
embrasure
V shaped space in gingival direction, between proximal surfaces of 2 adjoining teeth in contact
dentition
natural teeth of the dental arch
posterior
towards the back
periodontal ligament
shock absorbers that attach the tooth to the bone
dentin
bulk of the tooth, the main portion
proximal
tooth surfaces that are adjacent to eachother
bicuspid
posterior tooth used for tearing and chewing
alveolar process
bone surrounding the teeth
cementum
bone like covering of the roots
lamina dura
thin compact bone that lines the alveolar socket
occlusal
chewing surface of the posterior teeth
mesial
towards the midline
buccal
towards the cheek
lingual
towards the tongue