French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture
Centralized institution founded in 1648 disseminating "classicism" as the official royal style. The academy came up with a system of classification of subject matter (history paintings with narrative subjects were rated the highest and landscape and still life the lowest). Among the highest models of the academy were the ancients, Raphael, and Poussin. Artistic schools Venetian artists who "overemphasized" color, ranked low, while the Dutch and Flemish even lower.