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32 terms

ap psy. chapter 13

STUDY
PLAY
personality
individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, felling and acting
free association
when the patients relax and says whatever comes to mind, no matter what
psychoanalysis
freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts
id
seeks immediate to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives, the devil on your shoulder
ego
the "executive" part of your personality seeks to gratify things realistic but still satisfy.
super ego
voice of conscience telling us how we should behave, angle on shoulder
oedipus complex
a boys sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for he rival father
identification
according to freud, children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos
fixation
a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at early stage because of unresolved conflicts that happened earlier
regression
defense mechanism when someone faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile stage, back to something they use to do
repression
defense mechanism when someone banishes anxiety
reaction formation
defense mechanism where ego switches impulse into their opposites. opposite of their anxiety; i hate him because i love him
rationalization
defense mechanism where people self justify there actions in place of the real more threatening actions, making excuses
projection
defense mechanism where people attribute there own threatening impulses to others, blaming someone else
displacement
defense mechanism where people redirect there anger to a more safer outlet
sublimation
defense mechanism where people channel their frustration toward a different goal, getting a hobby
collective unconscious
concept of shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species history
projective personality test
personality test designed to trigger projection of ones inner dynamics
thematic apperception test
personality test which people express their inner feelings and interests through stories they make up about scenes
terror-management theory
explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death
self-actualization
ultimate psychological needs that arises after basic physical and psychological needs are met.
unconditional positive regard
an attitude of total acceptance toward another person
personality inventories
longer questionnaires covering a wide range of feelings and behaviors are designed to assess several traits at once
MMPI
most widely researched and clinically used personality tests.
empirically derived test
a test developed by a pool of items then selecting those that discriminate between groups
social cognitive perspective
view behavior is influenced by the interaction between people's traits and social context
personal control
the extent to which people perceive control over their environment rather than feeling helpless
external locus of control
idea that chance or outside forces beyond your control determine your fate
internal locus of control
idea that you control your own fate
learned helplessness
when repeatedly faced with traumatic events over which they have no control, come to feel helpless, hopeless, and depressed
spotlight effect
overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance, performance and blunders
self esteem
ones feeling of high or low self worth