part of earth's mantle below the lithosphere that behaves in a plastic manner. The rigid and brittle lithosphere moves over it.
tectonic plate boundary along which two plates come together by either subduction or continent- continent collision.
isolated volcano, typically not on a lithospheric plate boundary, but lying above a plume or hot column of rock in Earth's mantle.
proposal to explain a set of data or information, which may be confirmed or disproved by further study.
lower-density crust floats in Earth's higher density mantle. Also called isostatic equilibrium.
rigid outer rind of Earth approximately 60 to 100 or so kilometers thick; it forms the lithosphereic plates.
thick layer of material below the thin crust and above Earth's core. Mostly peridotite in composition in its upper part. Its density is 3.2 or 3.3 g/cm ^3 in the lower part.
a high-standing rift or spreading zone in an ocean-ex. the mid-Atlantic ridge or the east pacific rise.
...theory that lithospheric plates move relative one to another. some collide , some pull apart, and some slide past each other. these movements cause earthquakes, volcanoes and mountains to build. A wide range of data supports all of this.
...convergent boundary along which lithospheric plates come together and one descends beneath the other. often ocean floor descending beneath continent.
...scientific explanation for a broad range of facts that have been confirmed through extensive tests and observations.