Week 18 & 19 History Vocabulary

Atlantic Pact
U.S. took the lead in the development of this collective security system. Included the U.S., Canada, and 10 European nations. Signed the to establish a military agreement for the joint defence of Europe. The U.S. had committed itself firmly for the first time in American history and thus NATO - the NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY ORGANIZATION - was formed.
Fair Deal
Truman's extension of the New Deal that increased min wage, expanded Social Security, and constructed low-income housing
22nd Amendment
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
Presidential Succession Act
allowed for the speaker of the house to take over as president if there is no vice president
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian intelligence agency primarily to obtain and analyze information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
Korean War
Conflict that began with North Korea's invasion of South Korea and came to involve the United Nations allying with South Korea and the People's Republic of China allying with North Korea.
a port on the western coast of South Korea, on the Yellow Sea, near Seoul; . It was the site of a successful invasion by U.S. troops that enabled them to return Seoul to South Korea.
The capital of South Korea
Joseph McCarthy
US senator; claimed that their were Soviet spies and Communists within the government but had no evidence; discredited by the US senate
McCarran-Walter Act
this law reaffirmed the quota system that limited how many people could enter the country that had been established for each country in 1924.
Alger Hiss
A former State Department official who was accused of being a Communist spy and was convicted of perjury. The case was prosecuted by Richard Nixon.
Chiang Kai-shek
General and leader of Nationalist China. Although he succeeded Sun Yat-sen as head of the Guomindang, he became a military dictator whose major goal was to crush the communist movement led by Mao Zedong.
Syngman Rhee
Korean leader who became president of South Korea after World War II and led Korea during Korean War
The Rosenbergs
Communists who received international attention when they were executed having been found guilty of conspiracy to commit espionage in relation to passing information on the American atomic bomb to the Soviet Union
Omar Bradley
United States general who played an important role in the Allied victory in World War II by liberating France and invading of Germany
This was a security treaty between the Australians, New Zealanders and the United States.This treaty was publicly declared so that any potential enemy or threat would know that any of these countries did not stand alone.
Nikita Khrushchev
leader of USSR after Stalin who agreed to withdraw missiles in Cuba in the Cold War
Matthew Ridgeway
Replaced MacArthur in Korea, a United States Army general. He held several major commands and was most famous for salvaging the United Nations war effort in the Korean War.
38th Parallel
latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula
Yalu River
the Chinese-Korean border where MacArthur bombed bridges crossing into China and attacked the north; caused Mao to send Chinese soldiers to aid the north in pushing the battle back to the 38th parallel
a city in southeastern South Korea on the Korean Strait, where Douglas MacArthur landed his Marines, temporary Capital of SK
Adlai Stevenson
The Democratic candidate who ran against Eisenhower and lost. His intellectual speeches earned him and his supporters the term "eggheads".
John Foster Dulles
As Secretary of State under Eisenhower. viewed the struggle against Communism as a classic conflict between good and evil. Believed in containment and the Eisenhower doctrine
the hydrogen bomb - a thermonuclear weapon much more powerful than the Atomic bomb
Demilitarized Zone
a region where military forces or weaponscould not enter
U.S. spy plane shot down by the Soviets
Thomas Dewey
the Governor of New York and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency. leader of the liberal faction of the Republican party; he fought the conservative faction led by Senator Robert A. Taft
Red Scare
period in US when there was a suspicion of communism and fear of widespread infultration of communists in the US gvnt
Atomic Energy Commission
agency responsible for research into atomic energy and its peacetime uses in the United States, Created a monopoly for the Federal government's control of fissionable materials, Control atomic energy, control spread of nuclear weapons. Russia refused to let the US inpect.
National Security Act
created a centralized Department of Defense to coordinate the actions of the armed forces. also created a National Security Council to coordinate the development of foreign policy in the Cold War and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to employ spies and gather information on foreign countries
Dwight D. Eisenhower
American General who began in North Africa and became the Commander of Allied forces in Europe then became pres
Eisenhower went for peace talks in korean war. no one wins war, no peace treaty.
southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party.
The principle of not backing down in a crisis, even if it meant taking the country to the brink of war. Policy of both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. during the Cold War.
Richard Nixon
he was elected to be US President after Johnson decided to not to run for US president again. He promised peace with honor in Vietnam which means withdrawing American soldiers from South Vietnam
Massive Retaliation
The "new look" defense policy of the Eisenhower administration to threaten "massive retaliation" with nuclear weapons in response to any act of aggression by a potential enemy.
Strom Thurmond
Democratic governor of South Carolina who headed the State's Rights Party (Dixiecrats); he ran for president against Truman and his mild civil rights proposals and eventually joined the Republican Party.
Ho Chi Minh
communist leader of North Vietnam; used geurilla warfare to fight anti-comunist, American-funded attacks under the Truman Doctrine; brilliant strategy drew out war in Indochina and made it unwinnable