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GOV 2305 Test I

STUDY
PLAY
1. According to David Easton, the main function of government is to:
allocate authoritatively values for a whole society
2. The assignment of law-making, law-enforcing, and law-interpreting functions to independent branches of the government is called
separation of powers
3. Laws, regulations, policies, and decisions are:
the outputs of a political system.
4. Which one of the following is not correct about the theory of communism?
The main purpose of the communist countries is a political equality for all the citizens.
5. Which one of the following statements is correct?
None of the above.
6. In 2000, African-Americans account for approximately __________ percent of the American population.
12.7
7. By 2050, it is estimated that the largest minority group in the United States will be
Hispanics.
8. In 1997, 54 percent of Americans said that the ideal family size was __________ children.
0-2
9. In the 1840s, there were a number of people opposed to the immigration of Roman Catholics to the U.S. Many of these people got together and formed the
Know Nothing Party.
10. Conservatives believe that
there should be less government.
11. The more or less consistent set of values that are reflected in the political, economic, social, and moral order of society are called
political ideology.
12. In 1999, the poverty rate in the U.S. was approximately __________ percent
13
13. The population of the United States in 2000 was __________ million.
275
14. In 2000, __________ percent of American households had computers.
50
15. In 2000, __________ percent of Americans were college graduates.
27
16. One 1998 poll conducted by the Pew Charitable Trust found that __________ percent of Americans thought most politicians were crooks.
40
17. The single biggest reason Americans gave for not voting in a 1996 Census Bureau Report was that
they didn't have enough time to vote.
18. It is important to remember that politics often involve
conflict over ideology
19. Our system of government often changes in response to
crises.
20. The House and Senate in 1994 and 1996 experienced unprecedented numbers of retirements due to
the lack of a middle ground in American politics.
21. Each person having the same chance to succeed in life is called
equality of opportunity.
22. Coup d'etat means:
Toppling civilian government by the military officers.
23. Texas is a semi-independent state and has the right to make its own laws. Which of these laws could it not make?
Foreign policy
24. Socialism is:
An economic system for communism
25. Democracy is meaningless without
Freedom of speech
26. Theocracy is the form of government that is
ruled by religious
27. David Easton stated in his work, The Political System, 1953, that two kinds of political inputs are:
Demand and support
28. Laissez-faire is:
An economic doctrine which says that government should not regulate industry.
29. The ability to cause others to modify behavior and to conform is
political power
30. Nazi Germany would be an example of a government.
totalitarian
31. In most societies, government is
the ultimate authority which allocates values
32. Our founding fathers were influenced by:
John Locke's machine theory of government.
33. According to most scholars, how many countries around the world can be considered democracies?
Twenty-five
34. In early Greek writings, demos referred to
the common people.
35. Anarchism and Totalitarianism
are useful as theoretical framework to discuss the different types of political systems.
36. Which of the following offers the most favorable climate for free enterprise?
Capitalism
37. The effectiveness of a country's democracy is dependent of
formal procedures, basic freedoms, and knowledgeable participation of its citizenry.
38. The major reason that direct democracy is rarely practiced in modern societies is
their large size and population makes assembling the citizens impossible.
39. The Preamble to the Constitution begins
We the People...
40.The Framers would be surprised and amazed if they could see the
all of the above
41. A doctrine that society should be governed by certain ethical principles that are part of nature and can be understood by reason is called
natural law.
42. The first widespread appearance of self-government was in the form of
social compacts.
43. A social contract theory of government was proposed by
Locke and Hobbes.
44. Hobbes argued that the only protection for the rights of the weak in a polity was a/the
single ruler
45. Locke's Second Treatise on Civil Government (1689) set out a theory of
natural rights.
46. In general, __________ did not agree on the preferred form of government.
social contract theorists
47. A direct democracy is a system in which
all members of the polity meet to discuss policy and make decisions.
48. Indirect democracy is based on
representation.
49. The Internet may cause a number of changes in our political system including
a more informed electorate.
50. Adam Smith argued that free trade produced the wealth of nations through
the invisible hand.
51. The economic system that favors public control of business and government regulation is called
socialism.
52. An economic system that advocates collective ownership and control of the means of production is called
socialism.
53. The idea that governments draw legitimacy and power from the governed is often referred to as
popular consent.
54. The theory that all important decisions in society are made by the few is called
elite theory.
55. Robert Dahl argued that a single elite could never control the United States because of the diversity of groups and interests here. This theory is called
pluralism.
56. The single most important characteristic of American democracy is
personal liberty.
57. Attitudes toward the political system and its various parts are often called
political culture.
58. One year after the Constitution was ratified, the population of the United States was about __________ million.
four
59. Most Americans in the early republic shared some characteristics including
a Protestant-Christian heritage.
60. The Constitution mandated that each member of the House of Representatives should represent __________ citizens.
30,000
61. Today, each member of the House of Representatives may represent as many as __________ citizens.
882,000
62. In general, the U.S. population is
getting older.
63. From the 1880s to 1910s, many of the immigrants who came to the United States were from
Northern and Eastern Europe.
64. The decade with the single largest number of immigrants entering the United States was
1901-1910.
65. The largest growing segment of the American population is the
Hispanic
66. Representative democracy is:
Practiced in only a relatively small number of nations.
67. Identify the correct statement.
The type of a political system is determined by the way in which legislative, executive, and judicial branches are organized in a country.
68. Which one of the following statements is correct?
Generally, all independent states have a full sovereignty within their borders.
69. Which one of the following statements is not correct?
East Germany was a good example of a representative democracy before unification.
70. Which of the following stands opposite totalitarianism on a continuum of governmental scope?
Anarchism
71. Which of the following is typically associated with socialism?
Karl Marx
72. Services that benefit all citizens but are not likely to be produced by voluntary acts of individuals are
public goods
73. Capitalism can best be described as...
an economic system in which production and property are privately owned, with a minimum of government interference.
74. Education, sanitation, and highways are examples of a governments efforts to
provide public goods.
75. A political system in which one individual has the power to make all important decisions is called .
an autocracy
76. A monarchy is a type of government that
the supreme power of the state is exercised by one person.
77. Most political scientists view the American political system as...
a representative democracy
78. A republican form of government refers to
a government that operates through elected representatives of the people.
79. In socialist nations, one of the government's major functions is....
to organize the production and distribution of economic goods.
80. Each citizen having only one vote defines the concept of
political equality.
1. A special law passed for the purpose of punishing a certain person without a trial is called:
None of the above.
2. According to the New Jersey Plan, how was representation structured in Congress?
There would be one house, with states having equal representation therein
3. The Constitution is divided among three branches of government because
separation of powers made tyranny difficult
4. The Constitution created a two chamber legislature because
it allowed for compromise between those who believed all states should be equal and those who insisted that a state's representation should be based on population.
5. The system of checks and balances is illustrated by the power of the legislature to
impeach.
6. The system of government in which power is divided between the state and national governments is called
federalism
7. Most proposals for legislation originate with the
president.
8. The principles of separation of powers and checks and balances originated with
Montesquieu.
9. The Legislative Branch is established in
Article I
10. Another name for the elastic clause is
the necessary and proper clause.
11. Federal judges are appointed by the president and approved by the Senate for a term of
life.
12. The authority of a court to review the acts of the legislature, executive, or the states to determine their constitutionality is called
judicial review.
13. The full faith and credit clause can be found in
Article IV
14. The first capital of the United States was
New York City
15. Article VI is also known as the
Supremacy Clause
16. Once the Constitutional Convention was completed, the drive for ratification in the states began. Those who favored ratification were known as
Federalists.
17. Once the Constitutional Convention was completed, the drive for ratification in the states began. Those who favored strong states and a weak national government, and thus opposed ratification, were called
Anti-Federalists.
18. A series of 85 political papers written by John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison in support of ratification were called the
Federalist Papers
19. The Anti-Federalists demanded a series of amendments to the Constitution to protect individual liberties. They were adopted in 1791 and are known as
the Bill of Rights.
20. The Madison Amendment that prohibits Congress from raising their own salaries during the term of Congress was passed many years after it was proposed. It is also known as the __________ Amendment.
27th
21. Among the provisions of the Articles of Confederation were all of the following EXCEPT:
creation of a judicial, but not an executive branch.
22. The Constitutional Convention met in Philadelphia in 1787 for the purpose of:
revising the Articles of Confederation.
23. The New Jersey Plan proposed at the 1787 Constitutional Convention:
proposed to protect rights of smaller states
24. An amendment to the Constitution can be proposed by the:
Congress
25. To be ratified, a proposed amendment to the Constitution must be approved by:
three-quarters of the state legislatures
26. The net result of the Great Compromise was the:
reconciliation of large and small state interests.
27. Our founding fathers were influenced by:
John Locke's machine theory of government.
28. The Declaration of Independence set forth the American Creed which stressed
all of the above.
29. Who is frequently called "the father of the Constitution"?
James Madison
30. Article II of the Constitution is concerned with
B. the executive
31. Section 13 of the Federal Judiciary Act of 1789:
Authorizes the Supreme Court to issue a writ of mandamus
32. Article III of the Constitution is concerned with
the judiciary
33. Opponents of the Constitution demanded inclusion of the Bill of Rights because they feared abuse of power by
the national government
34. The Virginia Plan called for
a national excutive to be elected by the legislature
35. In the historic case of Marbury v. Madison (1803), the United States Supreme Court
established its power to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional
36. In his historic decision in the case of McCulloch v. Maryland (1819), Chief Justice Marshall established the principle of
flexible construction of the Constitution
37. The Fourteenth Amendment
d. all of the above
38. Passed in 1992, the Twenty-seventh Amendment
specifies that any vote by Congress to increase congressional salaries cannot take effect until after the next Congress is elected
39. Eighteen to twenty-one year olds received the right to vote in the
Twenty-Sixth Amendment
40. Colonists came to the New World for a variety of reasons including
all of the above.
41. In 1765, the American colonists initiated a major protest against the
Stamp Act.
42. Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams were among the leaders of the
Sons of Liberty.
43. The first official meeting among the 13 colonies was the
Stamp Act Congress.
44. In order to facilitate communication and the flow of information among independence minded colonists, they formed
Committees of Correspondence
45. The First Continental Congress was called in opposition to the
Coercive Acts
46. At the First Continental Congress, there were delegates from
every colony except Georgia.
47. Fighting in the American Revolution broke out in the battle at
Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.
48. In 1776, Thomas Paine issued a pamphlet arguing for colonial independence from Britain, titled
Common Sense.
49. The Declaration of Independence was drafted by
Thomas Jefferson.
50. In 1781, the 13 colonies adopted the __________ as the basis of their government.
Articles of Confederation
51. A type of government in which the national government is weaker than the sum of its parts is called
confederacy
52. The Articles of Confederation were also called
a loose league of friendship.
53. Under the political system established in 1781, the national government
all of the above
54. Under the Articles of Confederation, the executive branch was
virtually nonexistent.
55. The 1786 rebellion in which an army of 1500 disgruntled farmers marched on Springfield, Massachusetts to prevent foreclosure on their farms was called
Shays's Rebellion
56. The Virginia Plan called for a national system with
a strong central government and a bicameral legislature.
57. The smaller states presented a plan at the Constitutional Convention advocating the strengthening of the Articles of Confederation. The plan was presented by
New Jersey.
58. The most serious disagreement in the debate between large and small states at the Constitutional Convention was the issue of
representation in Congress.
59. A committee was appointed at the Constitutional Convention to work out the differences between the proposals of large and small states; the result was the
Great Compromise.
60. The Committee on Unfinished Portions was tasked with ironing out problems concerning
the executive branch.
61. The electoral college system for electing the president was designed to give
the states a key role
62. The sole responsibility of investigating and charging a president or vice president with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors" falls to the
House of Representatives
63. The last section of the Constitution to be drafted was
the Preamble.
64. The division of powers among the three branches of government is called
separation of powers
65. A governmental structure that gives each of the three branches some degree of oversight and control of each other is called
checks and balances
66. What was the last state (original colonies) to ratify the Constitution?
Rhode Island E. Hawaii
67. How many amendments have been ratified by Constitutional Convention in three-fourths of the states?
One
68. The most frequently used formal method of amending the Constitution is
proposal by a two thirds vote of both houses of Congress; ratification by three-fourths of the state legislatures.
69. Generally speaking, which of the states were favored by the Virginia Plan?
Larger states
70. Which states were most likely to benefit from the New Jersey Plan?
Smaller states
71. What is the major premise of the Declaration of Independence?
The people have a right to revolt if government is destroying legitimate rights
72. The Great Compromise provided for a
two-chamber legislature with representation equal for all states in one chamber, and according to population in the other.
73. Preceding the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 was the one held the previous year at
Annapolis
74. Chief Justice Marshall saw Marbury vs. Madison as asking the following:
All of the above
75. A major function of a constitution is to :
establish the organizational framework for governing institutions
76. Which one of the following statements is correct about the case of Marbury v. Madison?
None of the above.
77. A government is legitimate when
it is based on a constitution.
78. The thesis that the founding fathers wrote the new Constitution primarily to protect their property rights was advanced by:
none of the above
79. Which of the following is not an example of checks and balances:
the right of the president to invalidate treaties made by the House of Representatives
80. In MARBURY V. MADISON, the Supreme Court decided that:
none of the above.
81. The amendment process for the Constitution is set out in Article V and sets up a(n)
two stage process of proposal and ratification
82. Of the more than 10,000 amendments introduced in Congress, __________ have been sent to the states for debate and ratification.
33
83. The 18th Amendment was added to the Constitution in order to enable
the enactment of Prohibition.
84. The only Amendment passed and ratified that repealed a prior amendment was the
21st
85. The Framers intended to design a system that
all of the above.
86_a. The Constitution requires that which of the following "take care that the laws are faithfully executed"?
The president.