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has 27 carbons, 1 hydroxy group, it is a flat molecule that is very hydrophobic and converts to bile acids
2 additional hydroxy groups and a COOH group added to the cholesterol, hydrophilic on one side and hydrophobic on the other (amphipathic) and is kinked
dietary cholesterol is absorbed into enterocytes by diffusion and by this, a cholesterol transporter
the major fat in the human diet consisting of three fatty acids esterified to a glycerol backbone - produced in the SER of intestinal epithelial cells
the main route for degradation of triglycerides involves hydrolysis to fatty acids and this
derived from cholesterol - emulsifies fats in the small intestine - synthesized in the liver, stored in the gallbladder and secreted into the intestinal lumen - act as detergents, binding to the globules of fat
secreted by the intestine, signals the gallbladder to contract and release bile acids, and the pancreas to release digestive enzymes
bile acids emulsify fatty acids and monoacylglycerol to form ____ - must reach 5-15 mM CMC to form
contain 85% TG, Apo B-48, cholesterol esters, phospholipids, and fat-soluble vitamins - assembled in both ER and golgi complex and secreted into lymph
secreted into the lymphatic system and enter the blood through the thoracic duct - receive ApoCII and ApoE from HDL to form mature CM
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