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27 terms

Skeletal and Muscular Systems Test Review

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Skeletal System
Stores fat and other minerals.
Makes new blood cells.
Connective tissue that protects internal organs.
Muscular System
Provides the force required for body movements.
Controls heartbeat.
Controls movement of food through the digestive system.
Both Systems together
Contain blood vessels and nerve tissue.
Allows you to ride a bike or skateboard.
Made up of living cells.
Ligaments
Connective tissue that connects bone to bone.
Cardiac Muscle
Found only in the heart and controls the heartbeat.
Tendons
Connective tissues that attach muscles to bones.
Skeletal Muscle
Type of muscles that work in pairs to move the bones.
Cartilage
Connective tissue found between bones to cushion bones and give shape and flexibility to other body parts.
Smooth Muscle
Muscle that controls involuntary movements in the internal organs of the body.
Ball and Socket Joints
Found where the bones are able to move in complete rotation or circular motion such as the hips and shoulders.
Gliding Joints
Found where bones slide over each other like in the wrist and ankles.
Pivot Joints
Rotate around each other like in the neck.
Hinge Joints
Found in the fingers and toes.
Bone
Strong connective tissue that makes up the internal skeleton.
Bone Marrow
The soft tissue that fills the internal spaces in bones and make blood cells.
Contract
The shortening or lengthening of a muscle that causes a force to be exerted.
Extensor
Muscle that allows a joint to straighten.
Flexor
Muscle that contracts to bend a joint.
Heartbeat
The repeated involuntary contractions of the heart controlled by the cardiac muscles.
Immovable Joint
Place where two bones come together that allows little or no movement.
Involuntary Muscles
Muscles that are not under conscious control (you don't have to think about them).
Joint
A place where two or more bones meet.
Movable Joint
Place where two bones come together that allows a wide range of movement.
Muscle
Type of tissue that provides the forces for movement.
Osteoporosis
A condition in which the loss of minerals can cause bones to become weak and break easily.
Vertebrae
The small bones that make up the spine.
Voluntary Muscle
A muscle that is under conscious control(you think about these).