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92 terms

AP Euro Semester 1 Review

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The treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended the conflict known as the
Hapsburg-Valois War
In the 15th century, many clerics held more than one benefice, a practice known as
pluralism
The doctrine of indulgences rests on all of the following principles except belief
in salvation by faith alone
French Calvinists were known as
huguenots
In 1521, Charles V ordered Luther to appear before the
Diet of Worms
The Saint Bartholomew's day Massacre led to
A lengthy civil war
Luther believed the church consisted of
the entire community of Christian believers
Luther's ideas about Roman exploitation of Germany
appealed to the political aspirations of German princes
In 1598, _______ issued the Edict of Nantes
Henry IV
John Knox was influential in the Reformation in
Scotland
As a result of the Peace of Augsburg, the people of Germany
became either Lutheran or Catholic, depending on the preference of their prince
Luther viewed sex as
an act that could be destructive but was safely contained within marriage
The Protestant Reformation in Germany
compounded problems that had existed since the Middle Ages
When Charles V abdicated, _________ inherited the seventeen provinces that made up the Netherlands
Philip II
Ulrich Zwingli attacked all of the following except
the doctrine of the Trinity
Martin Luther's first response to the demands made by the Swabian peasants of their lords was
sympathy for the peasants
According to Calvin, the elect were
those individuals chosen for salvation
The Genevan Consistory
severely regulated the conduct of Genevans
The German Peasants' Revolt of 1525 greatly strengthened the authority of
lay rulers
According to text, the Calvinist doctrine of predestination led to a
confidence among Calvinists in their own salvation
Anabaptists generally favored all of the following except
abolition of baptism
The dissolution of English monasteries
resulted from Henry VIII's desire to confiscate their wealth
During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, between ____________ people were executed for witchcraft in Europe
40,000 and 60,000
The reformation in England was primarily the result of
the dynastic and romantic concerns of Henry VIII
Luther and Zwingli disagreed on which issue?
The Eucharist
The Pilgrimage of Grace attested to
popular opposition, in northern England, to Henry VIII's reformation
The Catholic Reformation, begun before 1517
sought to stimulate a new spiritual fervor
In religious affairs, Elizabeth I of England followed a policy that
was a middle ground between Catholic and Protestant extremes
__________ factors proved decisive in shaping the course of the Reformation in Eastern Europe
Ethnic
The overriding goal of the Catholic religious orders established in the sixteenth century was
to uplift the spiritual condition of both clergy and laity
A new religious order for women that emerged in the sixteenth century was the
Ursuline Order
France supported the Protestant princes of Germany in order to
prevent Charles V from increasing his power
The Protestant radicals like Anabaptists were
Attacked by both Protestants and Catholics
The significance of the German Peasants' War in 1525 was that it
Led Luther to call for absolute obedience to the state
The Peace of Augsburg
gave rulers of member states of the Holy Roman Empire the right to choose Catholicism or Lutheranism as their state religion
Ultimately the factor that determined the spread of Lutheranism was
Decisions made by princes or rulers to adopt or reject Protestantism
During the Reign of Terror, the dominant person on the Committee of Public Safety was
Maximilien Robespierre
During the Hundred Days
Napoleon returned from exile to rule France briefly
All of the following were true of the French clergy on the eve of the French Revolution except
they were under complete control of the papacy
All of the following were considered members of the third estate except
nuns
Which of the following occurred first?
Napoleon overthrows the Directory
________________'s mistress, Madame de Pompadour, exercised tremendous influence over the arts
Louis XV
According to the text, the Directory continued French wars of conquest begun by early revolutionary governments
because bug, victorious kept men employed and could draw sustenance from the conquered areas
The national assembly that ruled France from 1789 to 1791 passed laws that
broadened women's rights to seek divorce and inherit property
The treaty of ____________ (1802) left France in control of Holland and the Austrian Netherlands
Amiens
_____________, Russia, and Sweden joined with Britain to form the third coalition
Austria
The American Revolution had its immediate origins in struggles over
increased taxes
Abbe Sieyes's answer to the question "What is the Third Estate?" was that it was
the true strength of the French nation
Napoleon defeated Austria and Russia at the battle of ___________ in 1805
Austerlitz
The first great revolt against the Grand Empire occurred in __________ in 1808
Spain
The 1685, ____________ set the parameters of slavery and defined the rights of free people of color
Code noir
_____________ captured conservative opinion of the revolution in his Reflections on the Revolution in France
Edmund Burke
The ____________ marked the advent of the second revolution
fall of the monarchy
In the 1780's, over 50% of France's annual budget was expended on
interest payments on the debt
The legal definition of the composition of the prerevolutionary third estate included
everyone who was not a noble or member of the clergy
revisionist historians of the French revolution stress all of the following except the
conflict between the nobility and the bourgeoisie
The men elected to represent the third estate at the estates general were primarily
lawyers and government officials
the grievance petitions from all three estates called for all of the following except
an American-style republic
The tennis court oath was
sworn by renegade delegates from the estates general, most of them from the third estate
The term Great Fear refers to the
fear of vagabonds and outlaws in the countryside that fanned the flames of rebellion in the summer of 1789
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen guaranteed all of the following except
economic equality
The accomplishments of the national assembly included all of the following except
introduction of universal compulsory education
According to the text, the string of French military victories after the winter of 1793-1794 was largely due to
patriotism and the superior numbers supplied by the draft
The life-and-death political struggle between the Girondins and the mountain resulted mainly from
personal hatred and jealousy
According to the text, in the summer of 1789 the National Assembly was driven toward more radical action by
revolutionary actions by French peasants and the common people of Paris
The reign of terror ended when
members of the convention, afraid Robespierre would turn the Terror on them, had him arrested and executed
The reign of terror was directed primarily at
any and all enemies of the revolution
The __________ system was meant to exclude British goods from the continent
continental
The Committee of public safety was
an emergency executive committee appointed by the Convention
Napoleon's invasion of _____________ began in June 1812
Russia
According to Olympe de Gouges,
men and women should be equal in the eyes of the law
One of the primary social results of the fourteenth century famine was
a decrease in the average age of marriage
Why were governments unable to secure price controls during the fourteenth century famine?
central governments didn't have the power to enforce the controls
The timing and appearance of the black death in western Europe in the fourteenth century was primarily due to
western Europe's increasing connection with international trade routes
There was a close causal connection between the spread of the Black Death and the
existing urban-0based trade routes
What strategy did western europeans eventually adopt that actually worked against the plague, even if they didn't understand why it worked?
quarantining the sick or even entire villages for forty days or until everyone ill had died
The staggering population losses of the fourteenth century led to all of the following long term effect except
the beginnings of feelings of national allegiance among the survivors
The church was most threatened by what radical idea of jan Hus and John Wyclif?
The priests were no the only ones who could receive communion and interpret the Bible
The most significant long term result of the Avignon Papacy and the Great Schism was to
end the idea of having a French Pope
The main difference between a guild-based economy and one in which capitalist dominate is guilds
only employ family members; capitalists strive to employ as many workers as possible
The late-medieval laws against rape are examples of which social trend?
An increasing awareness of the legal rights of women
What was not a major characteristic of Renaissance philosophy?
Mysticism
While medieval scholarship focused on the liberal arts, Renaissance education centered around studia humanitatis, which was
the study of grammar, rhetoric, poetry, history, and moral philosophy, known as the humanities
Columbus, like many of his fellow explorers, was principally motivated by
a desire to discover India
the earliest known explorers of North America were
the vikings
In the 30 years war, France supported
German protestants
The nation that considered itself the international defender of Catholicism was
Spain
By which treaty did the king of France, Francis I, recognize the supremacy of the papacy?
The concordat of bologna
The treaty of westphalia, which ended the thirty years war
completely undermined the holy roman empire as a viable state
the thirty years war was fought primarily on
german soil
The treaty of Cateau-Cambresis ended the
Hapsburg-Valois war
many Calvinists were murdered in Paris in1572 in the massacre of
St. Bartholomew's Day