61 terms

The Peoples Republic of China

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Monsoons
An asiatic wind that blows from the southwest bringing rains from june to october
Typhoons
a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer
Inner China
Southern part of present day China. Rolling hills, river valleys, and plains. More attractice to settlement. North China Plain, Chang Jiang Basins
Yellow River
Also known as the Huang-He. The second longest river in China. The majority of ancient Chinese civilizations originated in its valley.
Yangtze River
Another name is Chang Jiang River.
Longest major river in China. Many industrial and farming areas among this river.
Yi River
...
Manchurian Plain
northeastern corner of China; inland fertile soil with large deposits iron and coal
Plateau of Tibet
Commonly referred to as the 'Roof of the World'; largest plateau in the world; lies between Himalayas and Kunlun Mountain Range
Himalaya Mts.
mountain range located in southwest China, Nepal and India; Mt. Everest is located here
Guangzhou
the only port open to foreign trade in China in the early 1800s
Manchuria
A northern industrial province in China, invaded by the Japanese in 1931. From here the Japanese would launch an invasion of mainland China beginning in 1937.
Xinjiang
an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan
Outer China
A vast region in western China
Han Chinese
Inhabitants of China proper who considered others to be outsiders. They felt that they were the only authentic Chinese.
Mongols
Largest minority group, wandering nomads. Live in dry and desolate region of western china. Tend herds of animals.
Tibetans
Minority group, live on plateau of Tibet.
Cantonese
The language traditionally spoken in the southeast region of China. Spoken by people in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau and many overseas Chinese immigrant communites.
Farm Cooperatives
An organization owned by and operated for the benefit of those using its services
philosopher
A thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life
Confucian Ethics
Ethics based on virtue, and duty to family and the state
3 important values (Confucius)
Work Hard, Respect for Education, and Family Loyalty
Imperial exams
Passing these brought extreme honor to family and village.
filial piety
In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors.
analects
The book that Kong Fuzi wrote and that stresses the values and ideas of Confucianism.
Kung Fuzi
is Confucius, founder of confucianism
Laozi
Founder of Daoism
Shi Hwang Di
Qin Dynasty Leader
Chinese Civil War
War between communist Mao Zse Tong and nationalist Chaing-Kai Shek. The communists took over and forced the nationalists to retreat to Taiwan
Class struggle
Marxist belief that the upper-class bourgeois oppressed the working-class proletariat in a struggle that will eventually lead to revolution
egalitarianism
The philosophy that all citizens should receive an equal share of the economic resources
gender equality
Belief in equality of men and women, regardless of their age
Kuomintang
Nationalist Party in China led by Jiang Jieshi, which began a war against the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong. Both fought for control of China, with Mao and the Communists ultimately winning in 1949.
Chinese Communist Party
the ruling party in China led by Mao Zedong
Sovereignty
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Colonialism
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Republic of China
Nationalist government that the United States set up on the island of Taiwan
Mao Zedong
Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
Chang Kai-Shek
Chinese president who drove the communists out of Shanghai; leadr during WWII, When Mao Zedong won the Chinese civil war in 1949, this leader of nationalist Chinese republicans withdrew to the island of Taiwan.
The great proletarian Cultural Revolution
It was a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China. It was put into motion by Mao Zedong with the goal of preserving "true" communist ideology by purging any remaining parts of capitalism and traditional elements from Chinese society and to get Maoist policies back as the headliners of the party. It marked him coming back into power following the Great Leap Forward. It paralyzed China politically and severely affected its economy and society.
The four olds
Old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits; the Red Guard's targets for destruction
Red guards
The youths who led Mao's Cultural Revolution. Wore red arm bands and carried his book. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
Mao's little red book
maos communist propaganda book of ideas
Deng Xiaoping
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
Chinese century
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Foreign Investment
Overseas business investments made by private companies.
Entrepreneur
A person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
Special Economic Zones
In 1979, the Chinese government set up these zones on the coast near Macao, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Improved transportation, lower taxes, and other incentives attracted investments from foreign businesses. They helped stimulate innovation and helped China grow economically.
Socialism with chinese characteristics
Meaning socialism adapted to Chinese conditions, is the official ideology of the Communist Party of China (CPC) based upon scientific socialism. This ideology supports the creation of a socialist market economy dominated by the public sector since China is in the primary stage of socialism. The Chinese government maintains that it has not abandoned Marxism but has developed many of the terms and concepts of Marxist theory to accommodate its new economic system.
White Cat
???
Black Cat
???
Free market Economy
An economic system in which there is free competition and prices are determined by the interaction of supply and demand
corruption
Dishonest action by those in power
information revolution
At the end of the 1900s computers made it possible to store huge amounts of information and send that information all around the world instantly
generation gap
The cultural seperation between children and their parents
migrant workers
people, typically farmers, who move from place to place to harvest fruits and vegetables
consumerism
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
Little emperor
Caused by the one child's policy where only children gain a lot of attention. Making them fat.
gaokao
China's national college-entrance exams
One-China Policy
the United States acknowledges that Chinese on either side of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China
smog
air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
censorships
Chinese government bans media that they dont approve of
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