The Peoples Republic of China
Terms in this set (61)
An asiatic wind that blows from the southwest bringing rains from june to october
a violent tropical storm that forms in the Pacific Ocean, usually in late summer
Southern part of present day China. Rolling hills, river valleys, and plains. More attractice to settlement. North China Plain, Chang Jiang Basins
Also known as the Huang-He. The second longest river in China. The majority of ancient Chinese civilizations originated in its valley.
Another name is Chang Jiang River.
Longest major river in China. Many industrial and farming areas among this river.
northeastern corner of China; inland fertile soil with large deposits iron and coal
Plateau of Tibet
Commonly referred to as the 'Roof of the World'; largest plateau in the world; lies between Himalayas and Kunlun Mountain Range
mountain range located in southwest China, Nepal and India; Mt. Everest is located here
the only port open to foreign trade in China in the early 1800s
A northern industrial province in China, invaded by the Japanese in 1931. From here the Japanese would launch an invasion of mainland China beginning in 1937.
an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan
A vast region in western China
Inhabitants of China proper who considered others to be outsiders. They felt that they were the only authentic Chinese.
Largest minority group, wandering nomads. Live in dry and desolate region of western china. Tend herds of animals.
Minority group, live on plateau of Tibet.
The language traditionally spoken in the southeast region of China. Spoken by people in Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Macau and many overseas Chinese immigrant communites.
An organization owned by and operated for the benefit of those using its services
A thinker who seeks wisdom and ponders questions about life
Ethics based on virtue, and duty to family and the state
3 important values (Confucius)
Work Hard, Respect for Education, and Family Loyalty
Passing these brought extreme honor to family and village.
In Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one's parents and ancestors.
The book that Kong Fuzi wrote and that stresses the values and ideas of Confucianism.
is Confucius, founder of confucianism
Founder of Daoism
Shi Hwang Di
Qin Dynasty Leader
Chinese Civil War
War between communist Mao Zse Tong and nationalist Chaing-Kai Shek. The communists took over and forced the nationalists to retreat to Taiwan
Marxist belief that the upper-class bourgeois oppressed the working-class proletariat in a struggle that will eventually lead to revolution
The philosophy that all citizens should receive an equal share of the economic resources
Belief in equality of men and women, regardless of their age
Nationalist Party in China led by Jiang Jieshi, which began a war against the Communist Party led by Mao Zedong. Both fought for control of China, with Mao and the Communists ultimately winning in 1949.
Chinese Communist Party
the ruling party in China led by Mao Zedong
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
Attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory.
Republic of China
Nationalist government that the United States set up on the island of Taiwan
Leader of the Communist Party in China that overthrew Jiang Jieshi and the Nationalists. Established China as the People's Republic of China and ruled from 1949 until 1976.
Chinese president who drove the communists out of Shanghai; leadr during WWII, When Mao Zedong won the Chinese civil war in 1949, this leader of nationalist Chinese republicans withdrew to the island of Taiwan.
The great proletarian Cultural Revolution
It was a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China. It was put into motion by Mao Zedong with the goal of preserving "true" communist ideology by purging any remaining parts of capitalism and traditional elements from Chinese society and to get Maoist policies back as the headliners of the party. It marked him coming back into power following the Great Leap Forward. It paralyzed China politically and severely affected its economy and society.
The four olds
Old ideas, old culture, old customs, and old habits; the Red Guard's targets for destruction
The youths who led Mao's Cultural Revolution. Wore red arm bands and carried his book. Terrorized Chinese citizens and determined who went to camps.
Mao's little red book
maos communist propaganda book of ideas
Communist Party leader who forced Chinese economic reforms after the death of Mao Zedong.
Overseas business investments made by private companies.
A person who organizes, manages, and takes on the risks of a business.
Special Economic Zones
In 1979, the Chinese government set up these zones on the coast near Macao, Hong Kong and Taiwan. Improved transportation, lower taxes, and other incentives attracted investments from foreign businesses. They helped stimulate innovation and helped China grow economically.
Socialism with chinese characteristics
Meaning socialism adapted to Chinese conditions, is the official ideology of the Communist Party of China (CPC) based upon scientific socialism. This ideology supports the creation of a socialist market economy dominated by the public sector since China is in the primary stage of socialism. The Chinese government maintains that it has not abandoned Marxism but has developed many of the terms and concepts of Marxist theory to accommodate its new economic system.
Free market Economy
An economic system in which there is free competition and prices are determined by the interaction of supply and demand
Dishonest action by those in power
At the end of the 1900s computers made it possible to store huge amounts of information and send that information all around the world instantly
The cultural seperation between children and their parents
people, typically farmers, who move from place to place to harvest fruits and vegetables
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
Caused by the one child's policy where only children gain a lot of attention. Making them fat.
China's national college-entrance exams
the United States acknowledges that Chinese on either side of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China
air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
Chinese government bans media that they dont approve of
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