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14 terms

Southern and Eastern Asia Culture part 2

GA 7th Grade
STUDY
PLAY
Hinduism
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
Brahman
the universal spirit (supreme being) of which all gods and goddesses are different parts
polytheistic
Belief in many gods
reincarnation
the belief that the human soul is reborn again and again in different bodies rebirth
karma
Hinduism and Buddhism, the totality of the good and bad deeds performed by a person, which is believed to determine his or her fate after rebirth
Moksha
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
Ganges River
Located in India, this river is considered sacred to Hindus and is used for spiritual cleansing, funeral rites, and other Hindu rituals.
Caste system
traditional division of Hindu society into various categories; there are four main varnas; or classes:Brahmin, kshatriya, vaishya, and shudra; each class contains certain subgroups, resulting in more than three thousand categories.
Islam
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Paradise and Hell, and a body of law written in the Quran. Followers are called Muslims.
monotheistic
Belief in one god
Five Pillars
Basic rules of Islam. 1. Profession of faith 2. Pray five times a day 3. Give alms (give money) 4. Ramadan fast 5. Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).
Shintoism
the ancient indigenous religion of Japan characterized by worship of nature spirits and of ancestors.
Kami
gods or nature spirits of Japanese religion, which lived in all things, such as waterfalls, sand, and great trees
Confucianism
A philosophy based on the ideas of Confucius that focuses on morality (proper conduct), family order, social harmony (golden rule), and government.

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