AP History Chapter 6
Terms in this set (38)
Which of the following was NOT a civilization of the classical era?
The Sumerian civilization
In the classical era, the continents had an unequal population distribution. Which of the following is the correct ranking by population, from most to least populous?
Eurasia, Africa, Central/South America, North America, Australia/Oceania
Which of the following regions did not have any pastoral societies in the classical era?
Which of the following regions had the least productive agriculture, thanks to poorer and less fertile soils caused by the rapid breakdown of humus?
Sub- Saharan Africa
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the classical kingdom of Meroë?
Meroitic culture was completely derived from that of Egypt
Which of the following provided the economic foundation for the kingdom of Axum?
Axum's highly productive agriculture, using plows, unlike most of Africa in the period
Which of the following was NOT a reason for the decline of the kingdom of Axum?
Conquest by the newly established Islamic empire in the seventh century C.E.
Which of the following civilizations of Africa is distinctive because of the apparent absence of a state structure?
The Niger River valley civilization
Which of the following statements best describes the spread of the Bantu peoples to southern and eastern Africa?
The Bantu spread was a slow movement of peoples, often just a few families at a time.
Which of the following was NOT an advantage that Bantu-speaking migrants had over gatherer-hunters?
The Bantu had political structures that made it possible for them to organize large armies and seize land from the gatherer-hunters.
Which of the following was NOT an element of Bantu religious practice?
Belief that two cosmic forces, good and evil, fought for control of human beings
Which of the following points was NOT a part of Mesoamerica's common culture?
During most periods, the existence of a single state that unified the region
Which of the following is a cultural achievement of the Maya?
a. Creation of an elaborate writing system that included both pictographs and phonetic or syllabic elements
b. A mathematical system that included the concept of zero and place notation
c. Creation of elaborate public spaces, including temples, pyramids, and palaces
In their political organization, the Maya were most like
Which of the following occurrences led to the collapse of Maya civilization in the ninth century C.E.?
A long term drought.
Chavín de Huántar is important because
it was the center of a pan-Andean religious movement.
Which of the following statements about the Moche civilization of the Andes is correct?
The Moche civilization was governed by warrior-priests.
Which of the following statements about civilizations of the Andes region is TRUE?
The need for elaborate irrigation projects helped create strong states in the region.
"Great houses" that stood as much as five stories high and could provide homes for hundreds of people are typical of which American culture?
The Ancestral Pueblo
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the mound-building cultures of the North American eastern woodlands?
Throughout their history the economic basis of mound-building cultures was hunting and gathering.
How did the history of Meroë and Axum reflect interaction with neighboring civilizations?
meroë- traded metallurgy
had contact with Mediterranean
How does the experience of the Niger Valley challenge conventional notions of "civilization"?
they didn't have a state structure
no strong central government
now law codes, no war, no social classes
In what ways did the arrival of Bantu-speaking peoples stimulate cross-cultural interaction?
interact with existing civilization (Axum and Kush) cause there moving from place to place
also brought diseases to some civilizations along the Mediterranean coast
what Eurasian civilizations might the Maya be compared?
Egypt and Mesipitamia- structures like pyramids and tombs, temples palaces
Both heavily weighted education- advances in math
Religion- polytheistic- nature gods
economy based off of agriculture
In what ways did Teotihuacán shape the history of Mesoamerica?
administed a lot of civilizations- contributed powerful gov. and powerful military, lots of trade, art and architecture
What kind of influence did Chavín exert in the Andes region?
trade, temple complexes, innovated in how they used the resources, incas narrowed ideas as well
What features of Moche life characterize it as a civilization?
government lead by Warrior Priest, artisans, skilled craftsman, agricultural economy
In what ways were the histories of the Ancestral Pueblo and the Mound Builders similar to each other, and how did they differ?
both small localized tribes, have social elite, social classes, war fair was constant, encounter europeans and Europeans wiped them out
in very different locations
different barrial rituals
Mound builder- Mississippi
"The histories of Africa and the Americas during the classical era largely resemble those of Eurasia." Do you agree with this statement? Explain why or why not.
the biggest difference between Africa, America, and Eurasia is that there is very little contact, not much trade, no diffusion, all isolated
similar in they all have powerful gov, same architectural achievements, mathematical achievements, in Africa and Eurasia had contact when America was still advancing at a slower rate but was very isolated so didn't have any contact
"The particular cultures and societies of Africa and of the Americas discussed in this chapter developed largely in isolation from one another." What evidence would support this statement, and what might challenge it?
geography, dessert. Especially for smaller civilizations not having major trade ruoutes
What generated change in the histories of Africa and the Americas during the classical era?
change is generated by trade and contact with other people, warfare when 2 cultures conflict, so rises and fall, natural disasters
trade focused though Africa and the Mediterranean
takes place after account Egypt declined
borrow customs from egyptian civilization
city in meso america, huge city, its planned out so it has a government, very powerful gov.
decision making by kinship and age strikers
Zimbabwe and Lake Victoria region
East Africa coast after 1000 C.E.
rival city states
lack of interaction
w/o large domesticated animals and ironworking
supported elite and arian class
85% of pop. died due to an extreme rout in 840
a Pan-Andean Religious Movement