65 terms

Technology in Action Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Internet Invented
Late 50's US DOD by ARPANET est 1969 Vinton Cerf & Robert Kahn (Father's of the internet
Web
Subnet of the internet
HTTP
Hypertext Transfer Protocol
Web Created
1991 by Tim Berners-lee (Physicst) and Robert Calliau
Web Originally
Text Only
1993
Mosaic Browser added graphics and text
How does the internet work
Network of Networks
Client
A pc that asks for data
Server
A pc that receives the request and returns the data to the client
Internet Backbones
Transmission lines with the fastest speeds
IP (Internet Protocol) Address
Is a set of four groups of numbers separated by periods commonly referred to as "dotted quad" or "dotted decimal"
Web 2.0
Collaborative, user-created web content. Classified as the "Social Web"
Email
"Asynchronous"
RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
Format that sends the latest content of the podcast
Aggregator
locates all the RSS series to which you've subscribed and auto downloads new content.such as Itunes or feedspot podfeed
Audacity.sourceforge.net
Lets you edit audio files and export them to MP3 Format
Multimedia
Anything that involves one or more forms of media in addition to text i.e. graphics audio video
Streaming
Is continuously fed to browser so you avoid having to download
E-commerce
Conducting business online
Business-to-Consumer (B2C)
Transactions take place between businesses and consumers. Online Stores Click and Brick
Business-to-Business (B2B)
Transactions occur when businesses buy and sell goods and services to other businesses.
Consumer-to-consumer (C2C)
Transactions occur when consumers sell to each other through sites such as Ebay, Craigslist, and Etsy
Social Commerce
Uses social networks to assist in marketing and purchasing products
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer)
Secures web (https) small pad lock 3rd party verification, BBB TrustE
URL
Uniform Resource Locator
URL Parts
Protocol: set of rules used to retrieve the document
The Domain Name; and
the path or subdirectory
Bit Torrent
is a protocol used to transfer files. Uses software peer to peer networking developed in 2001
FTP
File Transfer Protocol
Domain Name
Identifies the sites host the location that maintains the computer that stores the website files
Top-level Domain
The suffix in the domain name after the dot (edu com gov) organization
.biz
.com
.edu
.gov
.info
.mil
.net
.org
Business
Org. commercial
degree-granting
Local State Federal
Information service providers
Military
Org. networking organization
Organizations often not-for-profit
Country Top-level Domain
Each country has its own top-level domain
.au Australia .ca Canada .jp Japan .uk United Kingdom. Further subdivisions can be used for regions or states.
Path or Subdirectory
The information after the slash indicates a particular file or path
Hyperlinks
Specially coded elements that let you jump from one webpage to another (usually blue) pictures can be hyperlinks
Breadcrumb Trail
A navigation aid that shows users the path taken to get to a page (Top Page) (Hansel & Gretel)
History List
Shows all sites you visit over time
Bookmarks/Favorites
Places marker of URL
Live Bookmarks
Feature in Firefox adds the technology of RSS feeds to bookmarking. Safari and IE have built in RSS Feeds. Chrome needs an extention
Tagging/Social Bookmaring
instead of saving to browser you are saving to site to share
Keyword
or term that you assign to a site, image or video. Something you create to describe content.
Delicious.com
Original social bookmarking
Diigo.com
Allowing you to annotate the pages with sticky notes, highlights and archive
Search a phrase
place quotation marks around keyword (exact order)
Search within specific site
use search keyword then site: followed by sites URL
Wild Card "*" or placeholder
search with unknown terms
Customize Searches
scholar searches scholarly literature such as peer-reviewed papers, theses, publications
Custom Search
lets you create a customized search engine to search only selected set of sites
Google Shopping
search product vs company
Alerts
emails you content you specify
Evaluating Websites
should NOT assume what you find is accurate and appropriate
Authority
Who is the author/sponsor of the site? Pages? Bias: is site biased? Look for facts. Relevance is info current? Look for dates. Audience: What audience is site intended? Links: are the links available and appropriate?
Plagiarism
occurs when you use someone else's idea or words and represent them as your own. (Writecheck.com) Quotation marks or credit sources.
Copyright Violation
is more serious and punishable by law
Copyright Law
assume that all original work is copyrighted even if the work does not display © violation occurs when you use another persons material for your own personal economic benefit or taking it from others. Seek written permission!
Exceptions to Copyright
No copyright on government documents. British Broadcasting Corp (BBC) digitizing without copyright. Teachers/students special consideration that falls under a provision called "academic fair use" for educational purposes
Which of the following is NOT a search engine type?
Drill-down
Which of the following is an example of a keyword search engine?
Bing
Which of the following is a metasearch engine?
Dogpile
A subject-oriented search engine __________.
returns a list of sites that have been sorted by category
To search for information in Google, you __________.
enter the search terms in the search box
To search more effectively, you should __________.
use multiple words in your search to help narrow the results
Which of the following is a search engine for searching blogs?
Technorati.com
What type of search engine searches several search engines?
Metasearch
Which of the following search types would give you the most results?
Any of these words
Which of the following is NOT a metasearch engine?
Yahoo.com

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