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Chapter 34: Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Shadow of War
International economic conference on stabilizing currency that was sabotaged by FDR
Nation to which the U.S. promised independence in the Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934
Good Neighbor Policy
FDR's repudiation of Theodore Roosevelt's corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, stating his intention to work cooperatively with Latin American nations
A series of laws enacted by Congress in the mid-1930's that attempted to prevent any American involvement in future overseas wars
Spanish Civil War
Conflict between the rebel Fascist forces of General Francisco Franco and the Loyalist government that severely tested U. S. Neutrality legislation
Roosevelt's 1937 speech that proposed strong U.S. measures against overseas aggressors
European diplomatic conference in 1938 where Britain and France conceded to Hitler's demands for Czechoslovakia
Term for the British-French policy of attempting to prevent war by granting German demands
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
Leading U.S. group advocating American support for Britain in the the fight against Hitler
America First Committee
Leading isolationist group advocating that America focus on continental defense and non-involvement with the European war
Controversial 1941 law that made America the "arsenal of democracy" by providing supposedly temporary military material assistance to Britain
U.S - British agreement of August 1941 to promote democracy and establish a new international organization for peace
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men.
Major American Pacific naval base devastated in a surprise attack in December 1941
FDR's secretary of state, who promoted reciprocal trade agreements, especially with Latin America
Fanatical Fascist leader of Germany whose aggressions forced the U.S. to abandon its neutrality
The lesser partner of the Rome-Berlin Axis who invaded Ethiopia and joined the war against France and Britain
Instigator of 1934 Senate hearings that castigated WWI munitions manufacturers as "merchants of death"
Fascist rebel against the Spanish Loyalist government
Small East European democracy betrayed into Hitler's hands at Munich
East European nation whose September 1939 invasion by Hitler set off WWII in Europe
Nation whose sudden fall to Hitler in 1940 pushed the U.S. closer to direct aid to Britain
Charles A. Lindbergh
One of the leaders of the "America First" organization and a chief spokesperson for U.S. isolationism.
Dynamic dark horse Republican presidential nominee who attacked FDR only on domestic policy
Courageous prime minister who led Britain's lonely resistance to Hitler
Russian dictator who first helped Hitler destroy Poland before becoming a victim of Nazi aggression in 1941
North Atlantic nation near whose waters U.S. destroyers came under Nazi submarine attack
Site of a naval base where Japan launched a devastating surprise attack on the U.S.
A devastating night of Nazi attacks on Jewish businesses and synagogues that signaled a deepening of anti-Semitism and caused revulsion in the United States
Abraham Lincoln brigade
Young American volunteers who went to fight for Loyalist Spain against Franco's Spanish fascist rebels