-after constitution act of 1867
- became mandatory in 1920s
-missionaries helped round up children
other amendment of the Indian act in the 20's made it mandatory for aboriginal children to attend residential school.
-children 3-16 were taken from there homes
-breaking up native families was encouraged by the government
-Sept to June
- to move communities from their "helpless savage state" to one of self reliant "civilization", thus making Canada one community, a non aboriginal christian one.
- make Canada a non-Aboriginal, Christian community
-undermined confidence and identity rather than make them stronger.
-no native language allowed
- constantly reminded that their lifestyles were evil, paganistic, and dirty
- Languages, traditions, self-respect, community
-cohesiveness, parental skills, survival skills, self-esteem
- children mentally, physically, and sexually abused
-most school ceased to exist after the 70's, only seven remained open during the eighties, and the last federal residential school closed in 1996 in Saskatchewan.