Terms in this set (46)
Intelligent Risk Detection model attempts to facilitate and provide decision support for clinicians and patients regarding the treatment risk factors
Shared Decision-Making between health care professionals, patients, parents and guardians is widely recommended today
On-Line Analytical Processing making ad-hoc and real-time analytical reports
Clinical Decision Support System is an expert system software to assist health professionals in decision making process to improve decision efficiency.
The ability to capture clinical risks at the earliest time
Developing new insights and understanding of business performance based on data and statistical methods
Structuration Theory focuses on production and reproduction of events and activities; also focuses on double hermeneutic (a method or theory of interpretation) process, where people, upon reflection of day-to-day activities, are able to influence the structure within which they operate
Knowledge Management - a social and learning process which facilitate organizational growth and competitiveness
Tacit knowledge is derived from experience and trusted sources
Explicit knowledge comes from documented sources
Non-Invasive Medical Devices
Four Approaches on the 3 Fundamental Questions
What is EA? What is the Business Benefit of EA? How will the Business Benefit of EA be measured? Technology
Zachman; TOGAF; FEA; VRF/SIP
Perspective Centric; A description of each important issue from each important perspective; EA shows how issues at one perspective map to issues at another perspective; Better alignment of the different perspectives
The Open Group Architecture Framework - Process Centric; A process that is followed to build business or IT systems; The EA process is the same across industries; Improvements in IT architectures
Business architecture — Describes the processes the business uses to meet its goals
Application architecture — Describes how specific applications are designed and how they interact with each other
Data architecture — Describes how the enterprise datastores are organized and accessed
Technical architecture — Describes the hardware and software infrastructure that supports applications and their interactions
Federal Enterprise Architecture - Standardization Centric; A set of enterprise standards; Standardization fosters reuse; More reuse
Value Realization Framework/Simple Iterative Partitions - Capability Centric; A roadmap for improving capabilities; EA pinpoints opportunities to use technology more effectively; More competitive business capabilities
One whose responsibility is the design of an architecture and the creation of an architectural description
A specific document, report, analysis, model, or other tangible that contributes to an architectural description
A collection of products (artifacts) that taken together document an architecture.
A skeletal structure that defines suggested architectural artifacts, describes how those artifacts are related to each other, and provides generic definitions for what those artifacts might look like
A generic term that can describe any structured approach to solving some or all of the problems related to architecture
A defined series of actions directed to the goal of producing either an architecture or an architectural description
A methodology for organizing and categorizing architectural artifacts
The fundamental organization of a system embodied in its components, their relationships to each other, and to the environment, and the principles guiding its design and evolution
An architecture in which the system in question is the whole enterprise, especially the business processes, technologies, and information systems of the enterprise
Object-Oriented programing is a particular style of writing computer programs such that packages of code appear analogous to business objects; you ask an object to perform an action, pass the object the information it needs to do so, and then get information back that is the result of the action having been performed. It offers a separation between what an object did (its behavior) and how it did it (its implementation.)
When OO objects became distributed they took on a new name, components. Components were more and more described as black boxes. You put well defined things in and got well defined things out. What happened inside was opaque.
Common Object Request Broker Architecture was owned by a consortium known as the Object Management Group (OMG). OMG was largely spearheaded by IBM, Sun, and Oracle with Microsoft conspicuously absent
Microsoft's component (distributed object) system
Simple Object Access Protocol - a vendor-independent format for sending messages between components
Service-Oriented Architectures - what had originally been distributed objects and then components were now services.
A capability was something the business did that provided value and included the underlying supporting technology; including the business processes, technical support systems, and underlying data
Architecture Development Method - a recipe for creating an architecture. A recipe can be categorized as a process.
Most generic architectures; architectural principles that can, theoretically, be used by any IT organization in the universe.
Common Systems Architectures
These are principles that one would expect to see in many — but perhaps not all — types of enterprises
These are principles that are specific across many enterprises that are part of the same domain
These are the architectures that are specific to a given enterprise
Technical Reference Model - a suggested description of a generic IT architecture
Standards Information Base - a collection of standards and pseudo-standards that The Open Group recommends that you consider in building an IT architecture
A segment is a major line-of-business functionality, such as human resources. There are two types of segments: core mission area segments and business services segments.
Core mission area segment
A core mission area segment is one that is central to the mission or purpose of a particular political boundary within the enterprise. For example, in the Health and Human Services (HHS) agency of the federal government, health is a core mission area segment.
Business services segment
A business services segment is one that is foundational to most, if not all, political organizations. For example, financial management is a business services segment that is required by all federal agencies. Business service segments have a scope that encompass only a single political organization. Enterprise services have a scope that encompass the entire enterprise.
An enterprise service is a well-defined function that spans political boundaries. An example of an enterprise service is security management. Security management is a service that works in a unified manner across the whole swath of the enterprise. Enterprise services have a scope that encompass the entire enterprise across political boundaries (business service segment).
American Productivity & Quality Center is a member-based nonprofit and one of the world's leading proponents of business benchmarking, best practices, and knowledge management research.
Segment (FEA definition)
A segment is a major line-of-business functionality, such as human resources