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39 terms

Ch 18: Pt 1a: Hormones General

pages 680-687
STUDY
PLAY
smooth and cardiac, glands, metabolism, growth and development, reproductive, circadian rhythms
hormones regulate ___ muscle and some ___, alter ____, spur _____, influence ___ processes and participate in ____
ESTROGEN
the hormone ___ promotes adipose tissue in females
TESTOSTERONE
the hormone ___ promotes muscle tissue in males
TESTOSTERONE, MALES
the hormone ___ enlarges vocal cords in ___
NERVOUS
the ___ system works with the endocrine system to coordinate body function
INTERSTITIAL FLUID, BLOODSTREAM
most hormones enter the ___ and then the ___
NEUROTRANSMITTER, HORMONE
norepinephrine is a ___ when released by postganglionic neurons and a ___ when released by chromaffin cells of adrenal medullae
SLOWER (SEVERAL MINUTES)
responses to the endocrine system are SLOWER/FASTER? than the nervous system.
longer
the effects of the endocrine system last SHORTER/LONGER? than nervous system
is not
the influence of the nervous IS/IS NOT? much broader than the endocrine system
NERVOUS
the___ system targets specific muscles and glands
FAR
hormones are usually released NEAR/FAR? target cell site
INTERSTITIAL FLUID (NOT DUCTS)
endocrine glands secrete their products into ___
DUCTS
exocrine glands secrete their products into ___
CIRCULATORY
endocrine glands depend on the ___ system to distribute their products
IS
the pituitary gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
IS
the thyroid and parathyroid gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
is
the adrenal gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
is
the pineal gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
is not
the thymus IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
is not
the pancreas IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
SECRETE
'crino' in endocrinology means to ___
are
protein receptors ARE/ARE NOT? constantly being broken down and made
2,000-100,000
there are how many receptors on a target cell
down
in UP/DOWN? regulation there is excess hormone and the number of receptors decreases
down
in UP/DOWN? regulation the target cell is less sensitive to the hormone
up
in UP/DOWN? regulation there is not enough hormone and the number of receptors increases
hormone, receptors
in down-regulation there is excess ___ and ___ decreases
hormone, receptors
in up-regulation there is not enough ___ and ___ increases
PARACRINE, AUTOCRINE
___ and ___ are two general types of local hormones
near
paracrine hormones act near/far/in the cells that secrete it
in
autocrine hormones act near/far/in the cells that secrete it
paracrine, autocrine
interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a PARACRINE?/ AUTOCRINE?/CURCULATING? hormone
T-HELPER, IMMUNE RESPONSE
interleukin-2 is released by ___ cells in a ___ type reaction
paracrine
nitric oxide (NO) is a PARACRINE?/ AUTOCRINE?/ CURCULATING?
ENDOTHELIAL, RELAXATION, DILATION, INCREASED, LOWER, ERECTION
nitric oxide (NO) is released by ___ cells and causes ___ of smooth muscle cells in blood vessels, vaso__, ___ blood flow, ___ blood pressure and ___ of penis
LIVER, KIDNEYS
the ___ (name organ) inactivates circulating hormones and the ___ (name organ) excretes hormones from the body.
INCREASE
in cases of kidney and liver failure hormones may INCREASE/DECREASE? in the body
lipid, thyroid
___ soluble and ___ gland hormones alter gene expression