smooth and cardiac, glands, metabolism, growth and development, reproductive, circadian rhythms
hormones regulate ___ muscle and some ___, alter ____, spur _____, influence ___ processes and participate in ____
the hormone ___ promotes adipose tissue in females
the hormone ___ promotes muscle tissue in males
the hormone ___ enlarges vocal cords in ___
the ___ system works with the endocrine system to coordinate body function
INTERSTITIAL FLUID, BLOODSTREAM
most hormones enter the ___ and then the ___
norepinephrine is a ___ when released by postganglionic neurons and a ___ when released by chromaffin cells of adrenal medullae
SLOWER (SEVERAL MINUTES)
responses to the endocrine system are SLOWER/FASTER? than the nervous system.
the effects of the endocrine system last SHORTER/LONGER? than nervous system
the influence of the nervous IS/IS NOT? much broader than the endocrine system
the___ system targets specific muscles and glands
hormones are usually released NEAR/FAR? target cell site
INTERSTITIAL FLUID (NOT DUCTS)
endocrine glands secrete their products into ___
exocrine glands secrete their products into ___
endocrine glands depend on the ___ system to distribute their products
the pituitary gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
the thyroid and parathyroid gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
the adrenal gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
the pineal gland IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
the thymus IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
the pancreas IS/IS NOT? exclusively endocrine system
'crino' in endocrinology means to ___
protein receptors ARE/ARE NOT? constantly being broken down and made
there are how many receptors on a target cell
in UP/DOWN? regulation there is excess hormone and the number of receptors decreases
in UP/DOWN? regulation the target cell is less sensitive to the hormone
in UP/DOWN? regulation there is not enough hormone and the number of receptors increases
in down-regulation there is excess ___ and ___ decreases
in up-regulation there is not enough ___ and ___ increases
___ and ___ are two general types of local hormones
paracrine hormones act near/far/in the cells that secrete it
autocrine hormones act near/far/in the cells that secrete it
interleukin-2 (IL-2) is a PARACRINE?/ AUTOCRINE?/CURCULATING? hormone
T-HELPER, IMMUNE RESPONSE
interleukin-2 is released by ___ cells in a ___ type reaction
nitric oxide (NO) is a PARACRINE?/ AUTOCRINE?/ CURCULATING?
ENDOTHELIAL, RELAXATION, DILATION, INCREASED, LOWER, ERECTION
nitric oxide (NO) is released by ___ cells and causes ___ of smooth muscle cells in blood vessels, vaso__, ___ blood flow, ___ blood pressure and ___ of penis
the ___ (name organ) inactivates circulating hormones and the ___ (name organ) excretes hormones from the body.
in cases of kidney and liver failure hormones may INCREASE/DECREASE? in the body
___ soluble and ___ gland hormones alter gene expression
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