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15 terms

Art History, Dr. Hennessey Guide sheet 12 Vocab

All vocab plus those added during lectures for guide sheet 12. Compiled on January 28, 2012
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Trecento
Italian, literally "three hundred"; it refers to the 1300s — the fourteenth century, especially in reference to Italian art of that century (the Middle Ages).
Quatrefoil
An ornamental "four leaf clover shape" i.e. with 4 lobes radiating from a common center.
Arricio
The first part of a fresco cycle; A coarse layer of plaster which was rough enough t hold the final layer of plaster.
Sinopie (Sinopia)
The second phase in the fresco cycle. After the first layer of plaster was dried, the exact center was established by the painter with the use of horizontal and vertical axes. [The composition is blocked out with charcoal and a brush drawing is made in a red ocher pigment mixed with water.]
Intonaco
The third phase in the fresco cycle. After the sinopie is compelted, then the artist adds the final layer of smooth plaster (intonaco) to the walls one patch at a time. Colors are applied here while the intonaco is still damp and able to absorb them.
Giornata
The final step in the fresco cycle. Italian word for a day's work. Each plaster patch ws what the artist planned to do in one day. Because of the 1 day constraint: fresco technique encouraged advanced planning, speed of execution, broad brushstrokes, and monumental forms.
Altarpiece
A devotional panel painting (usually tempera on wood)
Predella
Altapieces have become more commonplace and elaborate. Typically, they have a fixed base (predella), surmounted by one or more large paintings.
Shelf/Stage space
The amount of space defined by the volume of the shape/architecture in a given work of art.
Paese
One's country as it can best be seen from a tower.
Mural
A painting on a wall, usually on a large scale and in fresco.
Enrico Scrovegni
*a local banker
*founded the Arena Chapel; commissioned the chapel and its decoration as an act of atonement; hired Giotto; pictured in the Last Judgment- presents a scale model to Mary
Maestà
Meaning 'majesty', it describes paintings and altarpieces of the Virgin and Child surrounded by saints and angels.
Spandrels
Triangular area between the side of an arch and the right angle that encloses it or two adjacent ribs.
Tempera
A painting medium made by blending egg yolks with water, pigments, and occasionally other materials, such as glue. This medium is preferred for wooden panel painting, lending itself to precise details and clear edges.