Italian, literally "three hundred"; it refers to the 1300s — the fourteenth century, especially in reference to Italian art of that century (the Middle Ages).
The first part of a fresco cycle; A coarse layer of plaster which was rough enough t hold the final layer of plaster.
The second phase in the fresco cycle. After the first layer of plaster was dried, the exact center was established by the painter with the use of horizontal and vertical axes. [The composition is blocked out with charcoal and a brush drawing is made in a red ocher pigment mixed with water.]
The third phase in the fresco cycle. After the sinopie is compelted, then the artist adds the final layer of smooth plaster (intonaco) to the walls one patch at a time. Colors are applied here while the intonaco is still damp and able to absorb them.
The final step in the fresco cycle. Italian word for a day's work. Each plaster patch ws what the artist planned to do in one day. Because of the 1 day constraint: fresco technique encouraged advanced planning, speed of execution, broad brushstrokes, and monumental forms.
Altapieces have become more commonplace and elaborate. Typically, they have a fixed base (predella), surmounted by one or more large paintings.
The amount of space defined by the volume of the shape/architecture in a given work of art.
*a local banker
*founded the Arena Chapel; commissioned the chapel and its decoration as an act of atonement; hired Giotto; pictured in the Last Judgment- presents a scale model to Mary
Meaning 'majesty', it describes paintings and altarpieces of the Virgin and Child surrounded by saints and angels.
Triangular area between the side of an arch and the right angle that encloses it or two adjacent ribs.