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Constitutional amendments: www.quia.com/quiz/4488503.html US constitution: http://www.quia.com/quiz/4488489.html
Terms in this set (106)
We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Creates a federal Republic
Article of the Constitution that defines the LEGISLATIVE Branch, its powers, members and workings.
Article of the Constitution that defines the EXECUTIVE Branch, it's powers, duties, and means of removal.
Article of the Constitution that sets up the JUDICIAL Branch and defines treason.
Article of the Constitution that regulates the STATE'S powers, and their interaction with the National government.
Article of the Constitution that sets up the AMENDMENT process.
Article of the Constitution that sets the status of the Constitution as the SUPREME law of the land, to which leaders must be loyal.
Article of the Constitution that addresses RATIFICATION and declares that the constitution should take affect if 9 out of 13 states ratify.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, petition
Right to bear arms
Quartering of troops
Search and seizure
Due process, double jeopardy, self-incrimination
Jury trial, right to counsel
Common law suits
Excess bail or fines, cruel and unusual punishment
Rights not named
Powers reserved to states
Lawsuits against a state
Election of president and vice president - separate ballots
Abolition of slavery
Due process, equal protection, privileges of citizens
Rights not denied because of race
Election of senators
Women's right to vote
Presidential term and succession
Repeal of prohibition
President limited to 2 terms
Right to vote for president and VP for persons in DC.
No poll tax
Right to vote at age 18
Compensation for members of Congress
It was held in Philadelphia, September 1787 -met to revise the Articles of Confederation, they ended up scrapping it and writing the Constitution.
When was the Constitution written and ratified?
How many states were needed to ratify the Constitution?
Which states were the first and last to ratify?
Last: Rhode Island
Main author of Constitution
Supporters who favored a stronger Federal government
Argued for states' rights
85 Articles and essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and Jay to gain support for ratification in 1787-1788. These explained the nature of the federal government.
The CONGRESS shall have the POWER to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper even if the power is NOT SPECIFICALLY granted in the Constitution. makes our Constitution flexible and has helped it to survive. (Article 1 section 8 clause 18)
Checks and balances
Division of DUTIES and LIMITS on power to ensure no portion of government becomes more powerful than others.
Bicameral (House, Senate)
How often must Congress meet?
Once a year
Which is regarded as more powerful, the House of Senate?
100 senators (2 per state)
Senator term limit
1) 30+years old
2) Citizen for 9 years
3) Live in state that elects them
Who is the PRESIDING OFFICER of the Senate?
Vice president (only votes to break a tie)
Who presides over the senate if the VP can't make it?
President pro tempore
1) Propose laws
2) Advise and consent to presidential appointments
3) Ratify treaties
4) Try impeachments
5) Declares war with the help of the House
435 representatives (based of population of states)
Representative term limit
1) 25+ years old
2) Citizen for 7 years
3) Live in the state that elects them
Who is the PRESIDING OFFICER of the House of Representatives?
Speaker of the House
How often is a CENSUS taken to determine population and representative distribution?
every 10 years
1) Propose laws
2) Originate revenue (tax) bills
3) Impeachment of President or other federal officers
4) Agree on bills to be sent to the President
5) Declares war with the help of the Senate
1) Propose: 2/3 House+2/3 Senate
Ratify: 3/4 state legislatures
2) Proposed: National convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 state legislatures
Ratify: Convention is 3/4 States
President and VP term limit
two 4-year terms
1) 35+ years old
2) A natural born citizen
3) Lived in the U.S. for 14 years of before the election
1) Head of state
2) Commander in Chief
4) Sign laws
5) State of the union address once a year (speech)
6) Chief executive
What a President does with a Bill
1) Signs it= becomes law
2) Vetoes it= bill returns to body of origin
3) Ignores it=
a) if congress adjourns: pocket veto (bill doesn't pass)
b) if congress in session: becomes law
How much time does a President have to sign a bill?
10 days (unless congress not in session)
2/3 House+2/3 Senate
# of Cabinets
14 departments/officers ("secretaries")
Who appoints cabinet members?
President (with approval from Senate)
Cabinet term limit
As long as President wants them
When does the cabinet meet?
Whenever the President wants
1) 18+ years old
2) US citizen
3) No felony incarceration (depending on state)
4) Registered (in home district)
Supreme Court duties
1) Hold original jurisdiction
2) Justices decide which cases they will hear
3) Reviews cases from lower courts (ex: federal, state courts)
4) Punish lawbreakers/ impose sentences
5) Judicial review (determines if laws constitutional)
# of Justices on Supreme Court
Justice/ judge term limit
none (can be impeached)
Who appoints appoints justices/ judges (Supreme, Appeals, District)?
President (with approval from Senate)
Supreme Court justice qualifications
Circuit Court of Appeals
Reviews appeals from District Courts
# of Appeals courts
# of District Courts
When are Federal elections?
1st TUESDAY after the 1st Monday in NOVEMBER in EVEN numbered years
Elects the president
# of electors per state
# representatives+# senators
# of electors to win
majority (>50%) = 270+
# of electoral votes for Texas
The government is based upon the consent of the governed and derives its authority from the people.
The states share power with the national government.
Separation of Powers
Dividing responsibilities among the three branches prevents any one branch from acquiring too much power.
Checks and balances
Each branch of government is permitted to exercise some control over the others.
The courts have power to declare laws invalid if they violate the constitution.
The Constitution restricts the actions of government by specifically describing its powers and listing the government does not have.
Full faith and credit
Each state must RECOGNIZE the civil laws and legal proceedings of other states.
RETURN refuges who flee across state lines.
Mutual privileges and immunities
Prevents one state from DISCRIMINATING unreasonably against citizens of another.
Admitting new states
-Congress has power to admit
-Enabling act (territory drafts constitution to be approved for statehood)
States' rightists believe:
-Any doubts concerning whether a POWER is delegated to the national government or reserved to the states should be settled in favor of the STATES
- The Constitution is a COMPACT among the states which created the national government and gave it NARROWLY defined powers.
-State governments are better able to RESOLVE problems because they better reflect the people's wishes.
-Delegated powers of the national government should be EXPANDED as necessary to solve social and economic problems
-PEOPLE, not the states, created the national government and did not intend it to be SUBORDINATE.
-The national government represents ALL the people; each state speaks for only a PART of the national population.
Federal government GROWTH factors:
-Power to regulate interstate commerce
-Power to tax and spend
A STATED course of action, a conscious deliberate way of HANDLING an issue.
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