American Government Roots and Reform: Chapter 12 Vocab
Terms in this set (23)
An organized effort by office holders, candidates, activists, and voters to pursue their common interests by gaining and exercising power through the electoral process.
The office holders who organize themselves and pursue policy objectives under a party label.
The workers and activists who make up the party's formal organization structure.
party in the electorate
The voters who consider themselves allied or associated with the party
A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity.
The selection of party candidates through the ballots of qualified voters rather than at party nominating conventions.
civil service laws
These acts removed the staffing of the bureaucracy from political parties and created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition.
Politics that focuses on specific issues rather than on party, candidate, or other loyalties.
To vote for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Politics that focuses directly on the candidates, their particular issues, and character, rather than on party affiliation.
A shifting of party coalition groupings in the electorate that remains in place for several elections.
An election that signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues.
The gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system.
A group made of interests or organizations that join forces for the purpose of electing public officials.
national party platform
A statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention.
A voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party.
An electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party wins the election.
A party meeting held in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform.
Institutional collection of policy-oriented researchers and academies who are sources of policy ideas.
The virtually unregulated money funneled through political parties for party-building purposes, such as get out the vote efforts or issue ads. Banned after 2002.
Funds that can be used for direct electioneering but are limited and regulated by the Federal Elections Commission.
A citizen's personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by a tendency to vote for the candidates of that party.
A general decline in party identification and loyalty in the electorate.
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