20 terms

Quarter 1 Choir Words, Terms and/or Symbols

STUDY
PLAY
Choir
An organized group of singers
Posture
A position of a person's body when standing or sitting
Diaphragm
The primary muscle used in the process of inhalation. It is a dome-shaped sheet of muscle that is inserted into the lower ribs and can contract voluntarily. Located beneath it are the abdominal muscles. It is the means by which the chest cavity volume is increased.
Stagger Breathing
The technique of breathing to create the effect of a continuous sound with no breaks for performers to breathe. The effect is created by each performer taking a breath at different times (or staggered) so the others in the section continue to sing long notes, passages, and/or sections.
Cut-off
A conductors signal indicating a stop or break in playing or singing.
Soprano
A person, generally a woman, with a high singing voice
Alto
A person, generally a woman, with a medium low singing voice
Tenor
A person, generally a man, with a high voice
Bass
A person, generally a man, with a low voice
Round/Canon
A minimum of three voices sing exactly the same melody but with each voice beginning at different times so that different parts of the melody coincide in the different voices. It is one of the easiest forms of part singing.
Minor Chord
A chord having a root, a minor third, and a perfect fifth. It sounds "darker" or more "sad" when played.
Major Chord
A chord that has a root, a major third, and a perfect fifth. It sounds more "bright" or "happy" when played.
Tonic Triad Chord
It is the most important chord in music. It is built with the first note of the scale at the bottom of the stack, then the third note of the scale and then the fifth note of the scale. It is stacked vertically.
Staccato
To play or sing short and detached
Marcato
To play or sing with a strong accent
Legato
To play or sing smoothly and connected
Unison
To sing or play together at the same time
Harmony
The blending of sounds of different pitches; making chords
Part Song
A song with parts for several different voices; usually sung without accompaniment
Diction
Pronunciation and enunciation of words in singing

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