english 9 parts of speech

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Terms in this set (...)

noun
person, place, thing, or idea
pronouns
replace nouns
adjective
describe or modify nouns
verb
show action or state of being
adverb
describe or modify verbs, adjective, or other adverbs. answer the question how, where, when
preposition
shows relationship between words in a sentence
conjunction
connect words, phrases, clauses or sentences
interjection
exclamation that express strong feeling
common nouns
names ANY person, place, thing, or idea. generally not capitalized. two or more words used together to form a noun, may stand alone but means something else when combined
proper nouns
names a PARTICULAR person, place, thing, or idea. always capitalized
concrete nouns
can be perceived by the senses
abstract nouns
and idea, feeling, quality or characteristics
collective nouns
word that names a group
antecedent
word that the pronoun stands for or refers to, or the one spoken about. a pronoun may appear in the same sentence as its antecedent or in a nearby sentence
personal pronouns
refers to the one speaking, the one spoken to, or the one spoken about
first person: I, me, my, mine, we, us, our, ours
second person: you, your, yours
third person: he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, is, they, them, their, theirs
reflexive pronouns
refers to the subject of a sentence and functions as a complement or as an object of a preposition. NEEDED
intensive pronoun
emphasizes its antecedent and has no grammatical function. EXTRA
reflexive and intensive
end in either self or selves
demonstrative pronouns
word demonstrate is used in this type of pronoun, because you POINT OUT a specific person, place, thing, or idea. (this, that, these, those)
interrogative pronoun
interrogate. (who, whom, whose, which, what, those) question words
indefinite pronoun
refers to one or more person, places, things, or ideas. may not be specifically named. all, each, most, one, another, either, much, other, any, everyone, neither, several, anybody, everything, nobody, some, anyone, few, none, somebody, anything, many, no one, something, both, more, nothing, such
preposition
shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word. indicate location or time. usually prepositions show location in the physical world. have objects.. noun following prepositions. object of the preposition may be compound.
prepositional phrase
a prepositon, its object and any modifiers
demonstrative adjectives
this, that, these, those. can both be used as adjectives or pronouns
articles
most frequently adjectives. such as.. a, an, the. definitive article refers to someone or something in particular.