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110 terms

Medical Terminology

digestive
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3 section of the small intestines
duodenum, jejumum, ileum
bradypepsia
a medical term that means slow digestion
duodenum
a common bile duct that empties into the_______________________
liver
an elevated alanine transaminase level indicates this disease
carbohydrates
saliva contains digestive enzymes to begin digestion
lavage
a procedure uses a nasogastric tube to washout the stomach
cleft lip
a condition that is a congential anomaly
esophagus
the spiglottis shunts food into this
volvulus
the twisting of the colon on itself
groin
a inguinal hernia is found here
emesis
a medical term for vomiting
cecum
food leaving the small intestines first enters this part of the colon
gastralgia
medical term which means stomach pain
hydrochloric acid
what the stomach secreats
functions of the digestive system
eliminates solid waste, digests food, absorbs nutrients
anastomosis
a surgical term that means too surgically create a connection between 2 sections
Pancreatic enzymes digest:
protein, carbohydrates, fats
laxative
a medication used to treat constipation
antiemetic
a medication used to treat nausea & vomiting
IV cholecystography
a x-ray used to visualize the gallbladder
mouth
aphthous ulsers are found here
cecum
the appendix is a small structure off the end of this
sigmoidoscopy
a endoscopic exam used to view a inside section of the colon
rectum
feces is stored here
fistulectomy
a surgical procedure to remove a abnormal passageway
tongue
taste buds are located here
jaundice
a yellow cast to the skin that indicates liver disease
choledocholithotripsy
a surgical procedure that treats stones in the digestive system
bile
produced by the gallbladder
salivary glands
submandibular, sublingual, parotid
pyloric sphincter
food exits the stomach by passing through this
polyphagia
a medical term that means excessive eating
total parenteral nutrition
a procedure that provides a patient with intavenous nutrition
accessory organs of the digestive system
salivary gland, pancreas, liver
oropharynx
the section of the pharynx associated with the mouth
dysorexia
a medical term tht means abnormal appetite
peptic ulcer disease
the helicobacter pylori causes this condition
root
the portion of the tooth that is below the gums
ileum
Chron's disease affects this
O&P
the abbrevation that stands for lab tests
uvula
is responsible for the gag reflex
proctiitis
a medical term that means inflammation of the rectum and anus
appendicitis
a medical term that means inflammation of the appendix
stomach & colon
peptic ulcer disease occurs here
pc
abbrevation that stands for after meals
ileal
a medical term that means pertaining to the third section of the small intestines
GERD
an abbrevation that stands for a pathological condition
anorexiant
a medication used to treat obesity
enzymes and buffers
the pancreas secretes these
colonoscope
a medical term that means process of viewing colon
polyp
is a small tumor on a stem attachement
duodenum
this part of the small intestines receives food from the stomach
antiacid
medication used to treat stomach acid
fistula
a abnormal tubelike passage
antrum
a section of the stomach that tapers off into the pyloric sphincter
fistula
an abnormal tube-like passage
sigmoidoscopy
a endoscopic exam used to vieew inside a section of the colon
rectum
feces is stored here prior to defecation
fistulectomy
a surgical procedure that will remove a abnormal passageway
tongue
taste buds are located here
jaundice
a liver disease that gives the skin a yellow tint
choledocholithotripsy
a surgical procedure to treat stones in the digestive system
bile
is stored in the gallbladder
salivary glands
submandibular, sublingual, parotid
pyloric spincter
food exits the stomach through this
polyphagia
a medical term meaning excessive eating
total parenteral nutrition
a procedure that provides a patient with intravenous nutrition
dentures
a partial or complete set of artifical teeth
NPO
a abbrevation that means nothing by mouth
gastroplasty
a medical term that means surgical repair of the stomach
dysentery
a condition that is characterized by diarrhea, often with blood and mucus
hiatal hernia
a disphragmatocele is also called:
UGI
a abbreviation that stands for x-ray
deciduous
the proper name for baby teeth
cholecystectomy
a medical term that means removal of the gallbladder
gastric stapling
a surgical procedure that treats obesity
liver
Cirrhosis is a general name for chronic disease of the:
enamel
the crown of a tooth is covered by this
diarrhea
a medical term for frequent, water bowel movements
diverticulum
a outpouching of the gut
rugae
the folds in the lining of stomach
molars, bicuspids, pre-molars
teeth that are used for grinding
fats
emulsification breaks up into smaller pieces.
chyme
partially digested liquid mixture in the stomach
bile
this is produced in the live to aid in digestion
cholelithiasis
gall stones
ac
before meals
anorexia
loss of appetite
hiatal hernia
diaphragmatocele
amylase
enzyme to digest carbohydrates
denture
set of artifical teeth
lavage
washing out the stomach with a NG tube
aspartate transaminase
liver enzyme
diverticulum
outpouching off the colon
gingiva
gums
rugae
folds in the lining of the stomach
O & P
lab test for parasitic infection
caries
dental cavities
hemorrhoid
varicose veins
TMJ
the jaw joint
PO
by mouth
herpies labialis
cold sore
irritable bowel syndrome
spastic colon
hematochezia
bright blood in stool
pyrosis
heart burn
FOBT
lab test for blood in the stool
volvulus
bowel twist on its self
fundus
upper section of the stomach
incisor
cutting tooth
melena
dark, tarry stool