64 terms

ECG - Masencup - AP Human Geography Chapter 3 & Wood Book Key Terms

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Asylum Seeker
Someone who has migrated to another country in the hope of being recognized as a refugee
Brain Drain
Large-scale emigration by talented people
Chain Migration
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Counterurbanization
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries
Emigration
Migration from a location
Floodplain
The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends
Circulation
Short-term repetitive or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Forced Migration
Permanent movement. Usually compelled by cultural factors
Guest Worker
A term once used for a worker who migrated to the developed countries of Northern and Western Europe usually from Southern and Eastern Europe or from North Africa in search of a higher-paying job
Immigration
Migration to a new location
Internal Migration
Permanent movement within a particular country
Internally Displaced Person (IDP)
Someone who has been forced to migrate for similar political reasons as a refugee but has not migrated across an international border
International Migration
Permanent movement from one country to another
Interregional Migration
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another
Intervening Obstacle
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Intraregional Migration
Permanent movement within one region of a country
Migration
A form of relocation diffusion involving a permanent move to a new location
Migration Transition
A change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization population growth and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition
Mobility
All types of movement between location
Net Migration
The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration
Pull Factor
A factor that induces people to move to a new location
Push Factor
A factor that induces people to leave old residences
Quotas
In reference to migration laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year
Refugees
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race religion nationality membership in a social group or political opinion
Unauthorized Immigrants
People who enter a country without proper documents to do so
Voluntary Migration
Permanent movement undertaken by choice
Activity Space
The space within which daily activities occurs
Agricultural Revolution
A period of agricultural development between the 18th and the end of the 19th century which saw a massive and rapid increase in agricultural productivity and vast improvement in farm technology
AIDS
a disease in which there is a serve loss of the body's cellular immunity greatly lowering the resistance to infection and malignancy
Arable Land
Is agricultural term meaning land that can be used for growing crops
Arithmetic Growth
The situation where a population increase by a constant number of persons (or other objects) in each period being analyzed.
Arithmetic Population Density
Total number of people/area of land.
Awareness Space
All areas of a city of which a person or household has knowledge resulting from both direct contact (action space) and indirect sources of information (e.g. newspapers estate agents)
Carrying Capacity
The largest number of people that the environment of a particular area can support
Critical Distance
Is the distance beyond which cost effort and/or means play a determining role in the willingness of people to travel
Demographic Equation
Equation that summarizes the amount of growth or decline in a population during a certain period of time also taking into account net migration and natural increase
Demographic Momentum
The phenomenon of continued population increase despite reduced reproductive rates. Even in the face of extreme measures aimed at lowering reproductive rates the population will continue to grow due to a large proportion of its population entering its reproductive years
Density
The degree of compactness of a substance
Dislocation
Disturbance from a proper original or usual place or state
Distance Decay
The declining intensity of any activity process or function with increasing distance from its point of origin
Dot Maps
Is a map type that uses a dot symbol to show the presence of a feature or phenomenon. Dot maps rely on a visual scatter to show spatial pattern
Endemic
(of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
Ethnicity
The fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition
Exponential Growth
Illustrated by the series of numbers 2 4 8 16 32 because once children are born they grow up to have children of their own
Female Infanticide
The killing of baby girls
Geometric Rate
Population increases exponentially
Gravity Model
A mathematical prediction of the interaction between 2 bodies as a function of their size and of the distance separating them. Henry C. Carey adapted Newton's formulation to demonstrate the theoretical interaction between two cities
Intervening Opportunity
The concept that closer opportunities will materially reduce the attractiveness of interaction with more distant- even slightly better- alternatives; a closer alternative source of supply between a demand point and the original source of supply
Linear Growth
Occurs when a value increases by a constant- how food production grows - Malthus
Thomas Malthus
English economist who argued that increases in population would outgrow increases in the means of subsistence
Migration Selectivity
Tendency for certain types of people to move
Neo-Malthusians
Concerned that overpopulation may increase resource depletion or environmental degradation to a degree that it is not sustainable with the potential of ecological collapse or other hazards
One Child Policy
This program included both incentives and penalties that couples produced only one region
Out-Migration
Means that more people emigrate from them than immigrate to them
Population Concentrations
Two-thirds of the world is concentrated in 4 regions; East Asia South Asia Southeast Asia and Western Europe
Population Explosion
The trend toward rapid population increase in place since 1750
Population Geography
Focuses on number composition, and distribution of human beings on earth's surface
Race
Classification system that arises from social constructs and superficial differences in physiognomy
Ernst Ravenstein
British demographer who studied internal migration in England. From these studies he created the Laws of Migration with some relevant today
Restrictive Population Policies
Polices range from toleration of officially banned means of birth control to the actual prohibition of large families
Space-Time Prism
Sets the limit for their activities
Spatial Interaction
The broad geographical term for the movement of peoples ideas and commodities within and between arras whether it is circulation or migration
Stationary Population Level
Countries will stop growing at some time during the 21st century
Step Migration
Long-distance migration done in stages is still the rule