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14 terms

Renaissance - History Chapters 28 and 29 (Mr. Scott)

STUDY
PLAY
perspective
the appearance of distance or depth on a flat surface, as in a painting
patron
a person who supports the arts or other activities by supplying money for them
humanism
a philosophy that emphasizes the worth and potential of all individuals and tries to balance religious faith with belief in the power of the human mind
humanities
areas of study that focus on human life and culture, such as history, literature, and ethics
secular
relating to earthly life rather than to religion or spiritual matters
proportion
the relative sizes of things, such as the length of an arm compared to the overall size of the human body
Michelangelo
painted the Sistine Chapel in Rome, and sculpted "David"
Shakespeare
English actor, poet and playwright whose plays are still popular today
da Vinci
Italian sculptor, painter, architect and engineer. Painted "Mona Lisa", and was a vegetarian
Dante
Italian poet. Wrote the "Divine Comedy" (which includes the "Inferno").
When was it, what does Renaissance mean, and why did it begin?
- from 1300s to 1600s C.E.
- means "rebirth"
- began after fall, trade and commerce grew, interest in art and learning, inspired people to question and think differently about the world
What were city-states and why were they important?
- began in towns and cities in Italy, then spread across Europe
- important because increase of trade, in the middle, trade center
Florence
A powerful Italian city-state during the Renaissance. The center of art and banking in Renaissance Europe.
Brunelleschi
Famous Italian architect who developed linear perspective in art and designed the Duomo (or "dome") for the cathedral in Florence.