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the appearance of distance or depth on a flat surface, as in a painting


a person who supports the arts or other activities by supplying money for them


a philosophy that emphasizes the worth and potential of all individuals and tries to balance religious faith with belief in the power of the human mind


areas of study that focus on human life and culture, such as history, literature, and ethics


relating to earthly life rather than to religion or spiritual matters


the relative sizes of things, such as the length of an arm compared to the overall size of the human body


painted the Sistine Chapel in Rome, and sculpted "David"


English actor, poet and playwright whose plays are still popular today

da Vinci

Italian sculptor, painter, architect and engineer. Painted "Mona Lisa", and was a vegetarian


Italian poet. Wrote the "Divine Comedy" (which includes the "Inferno").

When was it, what does Renaissance mean, and why did it begin?

- from 1300s to 1600s C.E.
- means "rebirth"
- began after fall, trade and commerce grew, interest in art and learning, inspired people to question and think differently about the world

What were city-states and why were they important?

- began in towns and cities in Italy, then spread across Europe
- important because increase of trade, in the middle, trade center


A powerful Italian city-state during the Renaissance. The center of art and banking in Renaissance Europe.


Famous Italian architect who developed linear perspective in art and designed the Duomo (or "dome") for the cathedral in Florence.

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