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AP History Ch 20
Terms in this set (52)
Secretary of State who was responsible for purchasing Alaskan Territory from Russia. By purchasing Alaska, he expanded the territory of the country at a reasonable price.
the first President of the French Republic from 10 December 1848 to 2 December 1851, then again from 2 December 1851 to 2 December 1852. He became the second Emperor of the French. He also threatened to invade the US
Alaska purchase (1867)
ended Russian territorial presence and completed U.S. expansion on North American mainland. bought for 7.2 million dollars
US grew in foreign involvement for materials and to sell its goods
anglo saxons were the most fit to survive
Alfred Thayer Mahan
navy was crucial to survival
Pan-American Conference (1889)
meeting of southern countries
set up the pan-american conference
secretary of state during monroe doctrine issue with venezuela boundary
Venezuela boundary dispute
great britain had a problem with the boundary between venezuela and a british colony
a form of nationalism calling for aggresive foreign policy
promoting war fever
In 1898, a conflict between the United States and Spain, in which the U.S. supported the Cubans' fight for independence
a battleship that was sunk in an explosion
authorised war in 1898
26th president, known for: conservationism, trust-busting, Hepburn Act, safe food regulations, "Square Deal," Panama Canal, Great White Fleet, Nobel Peace Prize for negotiation of peace in Russo-Japanese War
volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
group of antiimperialists that advocated for isolationism
Determined that inhabitants of U.S. territories had some, but not all, of the rights of U.S. citizens.
Platt Amendment (1901)
an amendment added to Cuba's constitution by the Cuba government, after pressure from the United States; it provided that Cuba would make no treaties that compromised its independence or granted concessions to other countries without U.S. approval. The amendment was abrogated in 1934.
Secretary of State under McKinley and Roosevelt who pioneered the open-door policy and Panama canal
Open Door policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
an irrational fear of foreigners or strangers
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly
Hay-Pauncefote Treaty (1901)
Gave the United States the ability to build a canal in South America, as well as the right to fortify the canal
a ship canal 40 miles long across the Isthmus of Panama built by the United States (1904-1914)
United States army officer and engineer who supervised the construction of the Panama Canal (1858-1928)
Army physician who helped eradicate Yellow Fever and Malaria from Panama so work on the Panama Canal could proceed
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Russia and Japan were fighting over Korea, Manchuria, etc. Began in 1904, but neither side could gain a clear advantage and win. Both sent reps to Portsmouth, NH where TR mediated Treaty of New Hampshire in 1905. TR won the nobel peace prize for his efforts, the 1st pres. to do so.
Treaty of Portsmouth (1905)
Ended Russo-Japanese war, Belligerents: Russia & Japan, fought in China, give Japan Korea, S. Sakhalin Island and right to Manchuria
an informal agreement between the United States and the Empire of Japan whereby the U.S. would not impose restriction on Japanese immigration or students, and Japan would not allow further immigration to the U.S.
great white fleet
1907-1909 - Roosevelt sent the Navy on a world tour to show the world the U.S. naval power. Also to pressure Japan into the "Gentlemen's Agreement."
Root-Takahira Agreement (1908)
An important executive agreement between the US and Japan established in 1908. 1) They agreed to mutual respect for each nation's Pacific possessions and 2) support for the Open Door policy in China.
Algeciras Conference (1906)
A conference directed in part by Roosevelt that succeeded in setting a conflict between France and Germany over claims in Morocco.
William Howard Taft
27th President of the United States and later chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1857-1930)
Term used to describe the efforts of the US to further its foreign policy through use of economic power by gaurenteeing loans to foreign countries
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
A corollary to the Monroe Doctrine proposed by Henry Cabot Lodge and ratified by the U.S. Senate in 1912 forbidding any foreign power or foreign interest of any kind to acquire sufficient territory in the Western Hemisphere so as to put that government in "practical power of control".
28th President of the United States moral approach to foreign affairs
Woodrow Wilson's domestic policy that, promoted antitrust modification, tariff revision, and reform in banking and currency matters.
foreign policy proposed by President Wilson to condemn imperialism, spread democracy, and promote peace
Jones Act (1916)
granted Phillipines territorial status and promised independence as soon as stable government was achieved
He was a Mexican military officer and President of Mexico who was also leader of the violent revolution that took place in 1913. His rise to power caused many Mexicans to cross the border as well as angering the United States who saw him as a dictator.
In April 1914, some U.S. sailors were arrested in Tampico, Mexico. President Wilson used the incident to send U.S. troops into northern Mexico. His real intent was to unseat the Huerta government there. After the Niagara Falls Conference, Huerta abdicated and the confrontation ended.
ABC (Argentina, Brazil, Chile) powers
South America's powers that thwarted a war between the US and Mexico by offering to mediate the dispute.
(1859-1920) Mexican revolutionist and politician; he led forces against Vitoriano Huerta during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920).
Wilson ordered General Pershing to pursue Pancho Villa into Mexico. They were in nothern Mexico for months without being able to capture Villa. Growing possibility of U.S. entry into World War I caused Wilson to withdraw Pershing's troops.
John J. Pershing
US general who chased Villa over 300 miles into Mexico but didn't capture him
A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution of 1910. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico and fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata.
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