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What does TODALS stand for?

title, orientation, author, date, legend, scale

Lines of latitude run.....

East to west / horazontally

Lines of longitude run.....

North to south / Vertically

The mercator projection shows......

a flat view of the world - causes the area and size relations to be distorted

The robinson projection shows...

A rounded view of the world - Causes the poles to appear flatter than they are

What are the 6 types of maps?

Physical maps, political maps, climate maps, economic activities and resources maps, vegetation zones and eco-systems maps, and population density maps.

What are the five themes of geography?

location, place, human/environment interaction, movement, region

What are the different layers of the Earth?

inner core, outer core, mesosphere, asthenosphere, lithosphere.

Is the inner core of the Earth solid or liquid?

Solid - forced together by the pressure pushing on it from the other layers

Is the outer core of the Earth solid or liquid

molten (solid/liquid)

Is the mesosphere of the Earth solid or liquid?


Is the asthenosphere of the Earth solid or liquid?

partly molten

Is the lithosphere of the Earth solid or liquid?


How do divergent boundaries move?

the plates move apart

How do convergent boundaries move?

the plates are pushed together

What are the effects of moving tectonic plates?

Mountains and volcanoes form as well as mid-ocean ridges caused by rising magma

What is the "Ring of Fire"?

the area around the pacific ocean that contains 500 of 800 volcanoes on Earth

What causes volcanoes to form in the "Ring of Fire"

Subducting plates

How does a location's latitude affect the climate in that area?

farther from equator = colder climate because doesn't receive direct sunlight very often (if ever)

What is the water cycle? (three major aspects)

Evaporation, condensation, precipitation

What is rotation?

The Earth's complete (24 hours) on it's axis

What is revolution?

The Earth's complete (365 days) journey around the sun

What is a solstice?

When the Earth's poles point at their greatest angle towards or away from the sun, creating the longest and shortest days of the year

What is an equinox?

When the Earth's poles are pointed at a 90 degree angle (not towards or away from the sun), creating equal hours of light and dark

When is the summer solstice?

June 21st

When is the winter solstice?

December 21st

When is the spring equinox?

march 21st.

When is the fall equinox?

September 23rd

What does the A stand for in the ABC's of culture?

appearance - how someone looks

What does the B stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Beliefs - a religious practice or faith

What does the C stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Communication - exchange of thoughts, opinions, or information by speech, writing, or sings

What does the D stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Dates - specific month and day with importance

What does the E stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Economy - the success or earnings of a place

What does the F stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Food - any nourishing substance

What does the G stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Government - the form or system of rule by which a state or community is run

What does the H stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Habitat - a place in which a person lives

What does the I stand for in the ABC's of culture?

Information - anything else not covered in A-H

Culture includes?

Language, religion, and communication

What is population density?

The average number of people in a square mile or square kilometer

What area of a country will have the highest population density?

An urban community

What is cultural convergence?

When one culture comes in contact with another culture

What is cultural divergence?

The restriction of a culture from outside cultural influences

Who holds power in an authoritarian government?

The leader or leaders

Who has the most power in a unitary system of government?

The central government

A country that allows the people to choose their leaders and have the power to set government policy is....

a democracy

A market economy, or free enterprise system is used in the world today as.....


What is a renewable resource?

A resource that the environment will replace

Why do people worry about nonrenewable energy resources?

once they are used, they cannot be replaced

What is a fossil fuel?

a nonrenewable mineral formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel

What do you call energy that comes from the heat inside the Earth?

geothermal energy

What kind of energy is readily available almost everywhere?

Solar energy

What is the name for activities like fishing and mining?

Primary economic activities

A service industry is considered a .....

Tertiarty economic activty

The goods that are sent out of a country are called .....


The goods that are brought into a country are called .....


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