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COMM 635 Quiz One
Terms in this set (49)
What are some important tasks that SLPs do?
assess, evaluate, diagnosis, treat, act as support system, educate, counsel, prevention, research
SLP is an autonomous profession. What does that mean?
SLPs can make decisions about what clients need; they have the ability to provide services independent of supervision
SLP is a dynamic profession. What does that mean?
things do change: including research, technology, scope of practice, legislation
The SLP Scope of Practice defines...
"the breadth of practice within the profession of speech language pathology"
What is the purpose of the scope of practice?
1. to inform/educate
2. delineate practice areas
3. educational preparation
4. support research
What are 2 changes that have been made recently to the updated scope of practice document?
-evidence based practice
-cultural and linguistic diversity
What 3 aspects contribute to evidence based practice?
1. clinician expertise
2. best available scientific evidence
3. client preferences, values & goals
Which supersedes the other? ASHA or state law?
state law supersedes ASHA
What contributes to changes occurring in the field of SLP?
An example of changing demographic
shifting to more spanish speaking, an aging population
What does the WHO framework provide?
standard language to view/discuss the relationship between health and functioning
The WHO framework is a health classification system of ___________, _______________ & _____________.
functioning, disability & health
What are some major external influences to the field of SLP? (6)
-new medical models
How does the economy affect the field?
-efficacy of services
How does education affect the field?
-higher level thinking
How does technology affect the field?
-exposure to technology at an earlier age
-education of professionals
How does globalization affect the field?
SLP is a growing population; crossing international borders
What are some major internal influence to the field of SLP? (5)
-scope of practice
Being an effective clinician requires the balance of: ___________ & ___________
science, art (theoretical knowledge, interpersonal skills)
Key interpersonal qualities of an SLP:
caring, compassionate, good listener, patient, empathetic, engaging, respectful, cheerful, motivated
Key humanistic qualities of an SLP:
desire to help others, strong communication skills, comfortable with people w/ disabilities, respect for the values and opinions of others
What is a professional defined as?
A professional is an individual with a fund of discipline specific knowledge, recognition of clinical skills, and adherence to ethical standards
Should professionalism vary depending on work setting?
No- one should be consistently professional no matter who you are working with or where you are working.
What are 5 essential professional skills that you think are necessary?
-strong communication skills
-flexibility and continued learning
-mannerism: conveying patience, humor, respect, empathy when appropriate
-being on time, dressed appropriately
What are the 3 main aspects of the purpose of our work as SLPs?
-goal: functional outcomes
What is rapport?
a positive relationship that is formed between client/family and the clinician
Why is rapport important for SLPs to establish with their clients?
-fosters a positive working relationship
-client trusts the clinician with therapy
-can maximize potential and success for the client
How is rapport established?
through listening, showing respect, showing genuine interest in client, understanding of other's values and beliefs
What are some examples of essential workforce skills an SLP should have?
time management, team player, ability to set goals, flexibility, problem-solver
What are other disciplines that supply a fund of knowledge to out field and act as external influences?
What is advocacy?
acting and speaking on behalf and in supports of the professions, oneself, and the client
Why is educational legislation important to our profession?
-establishes guidelines for eligibility
-determines documentation requirements
What is RtI?
response to instruction: attempts to make modifications to the curriculum and instruction so the child will not need special education
The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 Section 504 guarantees:
that a child with a disability has equal access to an education that is comparable to an education provided to those w/o a disability
Example of a child that would receive Section 504 services:
a child in a wheelchair that is given extra time without being considered tardy to get to her classes
2 important federal educational legislations:
-IDEA (Individual with Disabilities Education Improvement Act)
NCLB is ___________ education and IDEA is ___________ education
What is the goal of CCSS (common core state standards)?
goal is to make educational experiences the same from state to state
What federal legislation is responsible for FAPE (free and appropriate public education for all children with disabilities)?
Providing services in accordance with your own knowledge and skills
"personal scope of practice"
Empathy is to....
"put yourself in another person's shoes"
What is involved in clinical decision making?
making decisions within moral, ethical, and legal frameworks while considering the relationship and context; professional integrity should be maintained
How must a clinician balance art and science in the field of SLP?
SLPs must stay up to date with effective methods and research and use evidence based practices. For each client, SLP must gather data and analyze it in order to come up with treatment plans. SLP must not lose sight of the individual. The client is a person first, with feelings and emotions.
What is the federal educational legislation that provides special education for children that need it?
Where do the largest number of SLPs practice?
3 main categories that constitute professionalism:
A classroom in which the teacher provides instructions only orally regardless of needs/abilities poses a _________________
providing the most up to date, effective services
evidence based practice
Examples of how SLPs can help with prevention:
•Talking to a school gym class about concussions
•Teaching an early literacy program
•Teaching about phonemic awareness in preschool
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