Chapter 3 and 4 Study Guide Geography

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Terms in this set (...)

Weather
condition of the atmosphere at a given time and place.
Climate
conditions in a region over a long period of time.
Temperature
measurement of heat
Greenhouse Effect
Earth's atmosphere traps heat energy.
Wind
horizontal flow of air
Prevailing Winds
winds that blow the same direction most of the time.
Doldrums
no prevailing winds
Front
two air masses of different temperature or moisture meet
Jet Streams
high speed westerly winds in the upper atmosphere
Currents
rivers of seawater are important to climate
Gulf Stream
Northward flowing
Evaporation
process which water changes from liquid to gas
Humidity
amount of water vapor in the air
Condensation
process which water vapor changes from gas to liquid
Precipitation
rain,snow,sleet and hail
Rain Shadow
warm,dry area
Tornadoes
twisting spirals of air
Hurricanes
rotating storms of heavy rain
Typhoons
hurricanes