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24 terms

Greek Tragic Drama

STUDY
PLAY
Humanism
the though that man controls his/her life by the decisions he/she makes
Predeterminism
the idea that man's life is controlled by the gods and that he/she is unable to change his/her destiny
Catharsis
the purging of feelings of fear and pity
Pathos
the quality in art and literature that stimulates pity, tenderness, or sorrow in the reader of viewer; closely associated with the pity that tragedy is supposed to evoke
Bathos
the effect resulting from unsuccessful attempts to achieve pathos; if a literary work attempts to make readers or spectators weep and only succeeds in making them laugh
Anagnorisis
when the tragic hero recognizes his transgression/crime/error
Peripeteia
reversal of fortune or the tragic hero's fall from high to low
Noble Stature
the tragic hero must have a lofty position to fall from or else there is no tragedy
Hamartia
the tragic flaw
Hubris
excessive pride
Dramatic Irony
when the reader knows something the character doesn't
Situational Irony
when actions have the opposite effect as expected
Verbal Irony
when a person says one thing but means another
Aphorism
a short, concise, sometimes witty statement of universal truth
Stichomythia
line-by-line debates
Chorus
a group of 12-15 men who sing, dance, and narrate during the plays
Orchestra
semi-circular dancing area on the stage used by the chorus
Parados
the firs ode the chorus sings as it enters the orchestra
Strophe
song sung by the chorus as it turns from one side of the orchestra to the other
Ode
song sung by the chorus that separates one scene from the next
Stasimon
any choral ode sung after the parados
Skene
a building or tent at the back of the acting area, often painted for scenery
Exodos
the concluding scene of a play
Ekkykleme
a cart inside of the skene which could be suddenly rolled out to display the result of an event inside