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57 terms

HESP 305 Quiz 1

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Anatomy
The study of the structure of an organism
Dissection
Cutting of parts of the organism
Physiology
The study of the function of the living organism and its parts
Applied/clinical anatomy
Entails the application of anatomical study for the diagnosis and treatment of disease
Descriptive/Systematic anatomy
Description of individual parts of the body without reference to disease conditions
Gross anatomy
Studies structures visible without the aid of microscopy
Microscopic anatomy
Examiens structures not visible to the unaided eye
Surface anatomy
The study of the form and structure of the surface of the body, especially with reference to the organs beneath the surface
Developmental anatomy
Deals with the development of the organism from conception to adulthood
Pathological anatomy
Refers to changes in structure as they relate to disease
Comparative anatomy
Study of homologous structures of different animals
Respiratory physiology
The study of function in respiration
Cytology
The discipline that examines structure and function of cells
Histology
The miscroscopic study of cells and tissues
Osteology
The study of structure and function of bones
Myology
Examines muscles form and function
Arthrology
Studies the joints that unite the bones
Angiology
The study of blood vessels and the lymphatic system
Neurology
The study of the nervous system
Throax
Chest region
Abdomen
The region represented external;y as the anterior or abdominal wall
Dorsal trunk
Referred to as back
Cranial portion
The part of the skull that houses the brain and its components
Facial part
The part of the skull that houses the mouth, pharynx, nasal cavity, and structures related to theupper airway and mastication (chewing)
Upper extremity
Consists of the arm, forearm, wrist, and hand
Lower extremity
Made up of the thigh, leg, ankle, and foot
Anatomical position
The body is erect and the palms, arms, and hands face forward
Axial Skeleton
The head and trunk
Axis
Spinal column
Appendicular skeleton
Includes the lower and upper limbs
Neruaxis
The axis of the brain
Frontal section
Dvidies body into front and back halves
Saggital section
ANy cut that divides the body into left and right portions, and cut is in the sagittal plane
Frontal/coronal section
Results in front and back portions of a body
Anterior
Front surface of a body
Ventral
Pertaining to belly or anterior surface
Posterior
Toward the rear
Dorsal
Pertaining to the back of the body or distal
Trunk
Consists of the abdominal and thoracic regions
Superficial
Refers to the surface of the body
Deep
Further from the surface
External
Outside
Internal
Within the body
Prone
Body in horizontal position with face down
Supine
Body in horizontal position with face up
Lateral
Toward the side
Proximal
Proximus, next
Flexion
Bending
Extension
Pulling 2 ends further apart
Hyperextension/dorisflexion
Extreme extension
Plantar
The sole of the foot
Inversion
To turn inward
Eversion
Turn outward
Palmar
Pam of the hand
Pronate
To place in the prone position
Supinate
To place in the supine position
Ispi
Same