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12 terms

Phrases, Clauses, Gerunds

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Phrases
a group of words that lacks a subject, a verb, or both
Preposition
a word used to show the relationship of a noun or pronoun to some other word in the sentence
Participal
a word that is formed from a verb and used as an adjective
Appositive
a noun or pronoun that follows another noun or pronoun to identify or explain it
Gerund
a verb form that ends in -ing that is used as a noun
Infinitive
a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. It has the word "to" directly before the plain form of the verb.
Clauses
both a subject and a verb
Independent clause
makes a sentence by itself
dependent clause
can't be sentence by itself
adverb clause
a dependent clause that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb by telling how, when, where or under what condition
adjective clause
a dependent used as an adjective to modify a noun or pronoun
noun clause
often begin with the words that, which, who when or whose. Can also begin with when, where whether, why, how, if, what or whatever.