26 terms

GLE59 -- Economic Indicators

59. Explain the meaning of various economic indicators that help describe the state of an economy (e.g., GDP, CPI, stock market indices, rate of unemployment or inflation) (E-1C-M1)
___ measure the health of a system.
Your ___ is indicated by measurements such as pulse, blood pressure, and temperature.
The health of an ___ is measured by economic indicators such as Gross Domestic Product and inflation.
The adjusted average of 30 industrial stocks. If it is down: Investors have lost confidence in American industry relative to other investments. If it is up: Investors have gained confidence in American industry relative to other investments.
Definition: "the market value of the goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States [or other nation]." If it is down: The economy is slowing. The Federal Reserve may lower interest rates. If it is up: The economy is accelerating. The Federal Reserve may raise interest rates if it is concerned about inflation or an economic bubble.
Dow Jones Industrial Average
DJIA stands for...
Gross Domestic Product
GDP stands for...
Gross National Product
GNP stands for...
The value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, plus income earned by its citizens abroad, minus income earned by foreigners from domestic production.
A measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services. If it is down: A large drop in the CPI would indicate deflation; a small drop could mean a lower rate of inflation. If it is up: Inflation or hyperinflation.
Consumer Price Index
CPI stands for...
The ___ is a tech-heavy electronic stock exchange. If it is down: Investors are losing confidence in high-technology companies. If it is up: Investors are gaining confidence in high-technology companies.
Unemployment Rate
People who are jobless, looking for jobs, and available for work are unemployed are counted in the ___. If it is down: The economy is strong -- employers are hiring and keeping employees. If it is up: The economy is weak -- employers are laying off workers.
not in the labor force
So what about people who just aren't looking for work but don't have jobs? The BLS refers to them as "___." These include anyone younger than 16, in prison, in a mental institution, or on active duty in the armed forces (the unemployment rate only involves civilians).
The rise in prices of goods and services. A little ___ is considered healthy.
Negative inflation (a drop in prices) is called "___."
A low rate of inflation means the economy is slowly ___.
High inflation or ___ destroys the value of savings and creates poverty.
Deflation is caused by a decline in the supply of ___ or credit.
A slow economy may cause ___.
New York Stock Exchange
NYSE stands for...
The ___ is the world's largest stock exchange.
The Dollar is "___ money." It has value because the government has ordered that it have value. It is not based on the value of gold or any other commodity.
When investors are not confident in the glocal economy they tend to invest in...
Light sweet
___ crude is the best grade of oil.
An increase in the price of ___ may mean that the supply of ___ has decreased, the demand increased, or the political situation in the Middle East is turbulent.