Freshman World Geography Culture Vocab

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Animism
the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls
Buddhism
a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
Christianity
a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
Cultural Convergence
the contact and interaction of one culture with another
Cultural Divergence
the restriction of a culture from outside cultural influences
Culture
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
Diffusion
the spread of social institutions (and myths and skills) from one society to another
Customs
a common practice among members of a family or a society
Ethnic
denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people
Hinduism
a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a
Sikhism
the doctrines of a monotheistic religion founded in northern India in the 16th century by Guru Nanak and combining elements of Hinduism and Islam
Religion
a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny
Popular Culture
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
Multicultural Societies
a mixture of different cultures within the same region or country
Loss of Local Culture
Globaliztion in cultural convergence
Innovation
the act of starting something for the first time
Islam
the religion of Muslims collectively which governs their civilization and way of life
Judaism
the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
Language
the mental faculty or power of vocal communication
Acculturation
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
Assimilation
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
Folk Culture
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Cultural Hearth
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Dialect
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
Ethnocentrism
belief in the superiority of one's own ethnic group
Monotheistic
believing that there is only one god
Polytheistic
worshipping or believing in more than one god
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