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History- Chapter 6
Terms in this set (38)
Members of the protestant reformed church of france. Inspired by writings of John Calvin.
Samuel de Champlain
"Father of New France" French explorer in Nova Scotia who established a settlement on the site of modern Quebec (1567-1635)
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763. Founded by Samuel de Champlain
Mostly beaver fur was traded in the fur trade for the export back to Europe.
Coureurs de Bois
(runners of the woods) French fur traders, many of mixed Amerindian heritage, who lived among and often married with Amerindian peoples of North America.
An adventurer who journeyed by canoe from Montréal to the interior to trade with Indians for furs during fur trade era.
Robert de La Salle
French explorer. Explored Great Lakes region. Claimed the entire Mississippi River Basin for France.
Treaty of Utrecht
1713, ended War of Spanish Succession between Louis XIV's France and the rest of Europe; prohibited joining of French and Spanish crowns; ended French expansionist policy; ended golden age of Spain; vastly expanded British Empire
War of Jenkin's Ear
Land squabble between Britain and Spain over Georgia and trading rights. Battles took place in the Caribbean and on the Florida/Georgia border. The name comes from a British captain named Jenkin, whose ear was cut off by the Spanish.
English leader who founded the colony of Georgia as a place where debtors from England could begin new lives
First significant British victory of the Seven Years' War; strategic French fortress conquered by New England settlers, handed back to the French, and finally conquered again by the British in 1759
French fort that was site of first major battle of French and Indian War; General Washington led unsuccessful attack on French troops and was then defeated at Fort Necessity, marking beginning of conflict.
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
Barrier for defense built by George Washington, the French surrounded the fort and Washington had no choice but to surrender. This is significant because it was the first battle of the war and also it showed that the British weren't indestructible.
French settlers who would not pledge their loyalties to the British and were driven from their homes; cajuns of Louisiana are descendants of these people
American intellectual, inventor, and politician He helped to negotiate French support for the American Revolution.
Albany Plan of Union
Plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown.
"Join or Die"
Famous cartoon drawn by Ben Franklin which encouraged the colonies to join in fighting the British during the French and Inddian War
A British commander during the French and Indian War. He attempted to capture Fort Duquesne in 1755. He was defeated by the French and the Indians. At this battle, he was mortally wounded.
English statesman who brought the Seven Years' War to an end (1708-1778)
English general, led troops up steep cliff to capture Quebec which marked the beginning on the end of the French/Indian War
Battle of Quebec
A battle between Gen. Wolfe and Marquis de Montcalm which occurred at Quebec. Wolfe's forces surprised the larger forces of Marquis and defeated them. Both Wolfe and Marquis died in battle. Quebec fell on September 13, 1759 Determining battle that led to the British victory in the French and Indian War
"the Sun King;" considered to be the model of absolute monarchs; he controlled all aspects of government, and demonstrated his power and wealth with his palace at Versailles; engaged in efforts to increase his power by taking attacking Huguenots and engaging in wars to acquire more territory and power
The Great Displacement
when the British expelled all Acadians from the previously French Canada to Louisiana
Treaty of Paris
1763 Ended the French and Indian War. Marked the end of French power in N. America. England got Canada and all French land east of the Mississippi River except New Orleans. Spain (aided French) gave Florida to England and in return received all French land west of the Mississippi River and New Orleans.
1763 - An indian chief that leaded a rebellion and they opposed British expansion into the western Ohio Valley and began destroying British forts in the area. The attacks ended when Pontiac was killed.
1734 - 1820 American pioneer who who was one of the first to cross the Appalachians. Today it is known as Kentucky and Tennessee.
Proclamation of 1763
A line drawn by the British gov't that forbade colonist from settling the western lands won after the French and Indian War.
How was the colony of New France different from the British North American colonies?
New France was based off fur-trade and was settled by mostly men. British colonies were based on crops and settling the land with towns and villages with men, women, and children. French were catholic and British were protestant. New France also looked to peaceful relations with the Indians.
What factors led to the French settlement of New France?
Fur-trade, especially beaver, trading posts were set up all over America.
Describe the early wars between France and Britain.
They were known for their duration and brutality. The wars often spread to colonial settlements.
How did George Washington spark the French and Indian War?
Washington was sent to secure Virginia's land in the Ohio River valley. As he and his men began marching towards Fort Duquesne they encountered French troops. Washington fired upon these troops, killing the French leader as a result. The death sparked France's retaliation against the British.
What was meant by the statement "America was conquered in Germany"?
While there was a war going on in Germany they were fighting the French and the French wasted their strength fighting in Germany so they didn't throw an adequate fight into the New World.
What setbacks did the British suffer in the early years of the French and Indian War?
The British has little success during the war. The campaign under General Braddock ended in disaster and the death of the general.
What was the significance of the British victory in the French and Indian War?
The cultivation of resentment between the two groups. The French and Indian War established English dominance.
How did the French and Indian War affect the relationship between the colonies and with the mother colony?
Britain required the aid of the colonial militia against the French Army. As the war waged on, the colonial militia gained much experience and became equals to their British counterparts. Yet, Britain refused to recognize these colonial soldiers to higher statuses. Some American shipper in an act of retaliation towards the British provided France and Spain with food aid, Britain eventually made all exports from America illegal.
What contributions to American culture did the French make?
Food, fashion and Louisiana cajun culture.
How did French defeat lead to westward expansion and tension with Native Americans and the British?
Frontiersmen began traveling towards the Appalachian Mountains and over other mountains. However, Indian chief, Pontiac, led a violent rebellion to push Britain out of America, but Britain successfully subdued the rebellion. As a result, Britain issue the Proclamation of 1763, dictating that Americans were allowed to colonize beyond the mountains. The prospect of discovering new lands put a vision into the American people to march forward.
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