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chapter 8 conditions and symptoms
Terms in this set (20)
peripheral vascular disease (pvd)
pvd refers to any disease of arteries or veins peripheral , or outside, the heart and head. most common is pad. pad may affect the arteries of the arms, kidneys, and stomach but it more commonly affects the legs. symptoms are intermittent claudication
a weakening in the wall of an artery that allows the vessel to bulge or rupture. aneurysms are usually asymptomatic and are often discovered by accident
coronary artery disease
the narrowing of arteries that supply blood to the myocardium it is the leading cause of death. symptoms are ischemia of the heart muscle and symptoms of angina
chest pain. symptoms are suffocating tightness in the chest that radiates to the left arm, neck, and jaw
commonly called a heart attack and often leads to cardiac arrest-stopping of heartbeat. symptoms include severe chest pain with diaphoresis and nausea.
hypertensive heart disease
a group of disorders caused by hypertension common causes are arteriosclerosis, atherosclerosis, and kidney diseases
rheumatic heart disease
cardiac symptoms related to rheumatic fever. symptoms are joint pain and shortness of breath
congestive heart failure
a condition in which the heart fails to pump an adequate amount of blood to meet the bodys needs. symptoms are gradual increase in shortness of breath, tachycardia, and rapid breathing, fluid builds up in the vascular system leading to neck vein distention and edema in the ankles and lower legs
deterioration of the function of the myocardium. symptoms include weakness, fatigue, sob, and swelling of feet and legs
inflammation of the heart forms include pericarditis, myocarditis, and endocarditis, depending on the area of the heart involved. pericarditis affects the serous membrane on the outside of the heart as well as the pericardial sac, myocarditis affects the heart muscle layer and endocarditis affects the inside of the heart. symptoms are chest pain
valvular heart disease
malfunction of the heart valves.symptoms include chest pain edema in the ankles heart palpitations dizziness and weakness
abnormalities in the heart rhythm due to a disturbance in the conduction system of the heart.
inflammation in the veins commen in the arms and lower legs. symptoms include pain, swelling and often the appearance of a red cord like hardening that extends along the vein from the area of injury upward toward the heart.
development of a clot in the inflamed vessel
deep vein thrombosis
primarily occurs in the lower legs, thighs, and pelvis. asymptomatic until embolization occurs usually fatal
risk factors of dvt
immobility, dehydration, varicose veins, leg or pelvic surgery, obesity, and pregnancy
dilated, tortuous, and elongated veins commonly found in legs. symptoms include leg fatigue, and leg cramps veins often become thick and hard
abnormal loss of blood. acute blood loss is usually related to trauma and chronic is usually related to disease.
extremely low blood pressure that leads to decreased tissue perfusion. caused by not enough blood volume, inadequate pumping of blood by the heart, vasodilation that allows blood to pool in the vessels thereby reducing circulating blood volume
types of shock include
cardiogenic shock-inability of the heart to pump blood adequately often due to MI, septic shock-bacteria or microorganisms in the blood, neurogenic shock-due to highly emotional situations, anaphylactic shock-severe allergic reactions.
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